Optimierungsmöglichkeiten bei den bestehenden steuer- und sozialversicherungsrechtlichen Förderregelungen der betrieblichen Altersversorgung

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-128597
  • Angesichts der demografischen Entwicklung setzt die Bundesregierung zur Schließung der drohenden Rentenlücke auch auf die betriebliche Altersversorgung (bAV). Dieses Gutachten entwickelt Empfehlungen an den Gesetzgeber zur Optimierung der steuer- und sozialversicherungsrechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen der bAV. Die Zielvorgabe lautet, die Verbreitung der bAV unter Gering- und Niedrigverdienern zu erhöhen und kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen als Arbeitgeber Anreize zu setzen, ihren Arbeitnehmern ein bAV-Angebot zu unterbreiten. Das GutachtenAngesichts der demografischen Entwicklung setzt die Bundesregierung zur Schließung der drohenden Rentenlücke auch auf die betriebliche Altersversorgung (bAV). Dieses Gutachten entwickelt Empfehlungen an den Gesetzgeber zur Optimierung der steuer- und sozialversicherungsrechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen der bAV. Die Zielvorgabe lautet, die Verbreitung der bAV unter Gering- und Niedrigverdienern zu erhöhen und kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen als Arbeitgeber Anreize zu setzen, ihren Arbeitnehmern ein bAV-Angebot zu unterbreiten. Das Gutachten schafft einen umfassenden Überblick über bestehende Hemmnisse für diese beiden Zielgruppen, an der bAV zu partizipieren. Auf dieser Basis werden zehn Reformüberlegungen erarbeitet und auf ihre Wirkungen hin geprüft. Hieraus ergeben sich jeweils eine Handlungsempfehlung für die Arbeitgeber- und die Arbeitnehmerseite. Außerdem werden Ansatzpunkte für eine Vereinfachung der steuer- und sozialversicherungsrechtlichen Regelungen aufgezeigt. Die Analyse der Hemmnisse und die Kernelemente der Empfehlungen wurden durch Interviews mit Experten und mit Angehörigen der Zielgruppen empirisch abgesichert.show moreshow less
  • Germany's old-age retirement system is based on three pillars: the statutory pension scheme, company pension schemes (CPS), and private retirement funds. The current government's coalition agreement expressly foresees a strengthening of CPS since its popularity has heavily stagnated in recent years. The intention is to optimize the fiscal and social insurance-related framework for CPS in an attempt to encourage its wider use. The present expert opinion is a contribution towards this effort. There is considerable potential for this especiallyGermany's old-age retirement system is based on three pillars: the statutory pension scheme, company pension schemes (CPS), and private retirement funds. The current government's coalition agreement expressly foresees a strengthening of CPS since its popularity has heavily stagnated in recent years. The intention is to optimize the fiscal and social insurance-related framework for CPS in an attempt to encourage its wider use. The present expert opinion is a contribution towards this effort. There is considerable potential for this especially among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and earners of low and very low incomes, since these groups are disproportionately under-represented when it comes to CPS takeup. In light of this, this opinion gives priority to these target groups. The study is structured as follows. First, a comprehensive literature review is provided and guided interviews with experts performed in order to identify obstacles to the continued spread of CPS among the target groups under review. Then, interviews are held with employers in the SME category as well as earners of low and very low incomes in order to verify the obstacles identified during the first step and consider any additional insights. On this basis, the authors consider which reforms may prove effective in addressing the identified obstacles. Here, as instructed, any potential reforms should endeavor not to create a financial burden on Germany’s tax and social insurance authorities. We then subject these reform ideas to an empirical review that involves interviews with SME tax advisers and again with earners of low and very low incomes. Having analyzed these interviews and discussing additional practical considerations, we explicitly recommend the implementation of selected reforms. In doing so, the authors propose the following two concrete recommendations. Recommendation 1 suggests introducing a mandatory employer contribution on top of deferred compensation that corresponds to the amount of social insurance contributions that are saved as a result, of which employees would be the obvious beneficiaries. This would result in an increase in employers' financial burden compared to the status quo. To compensate, a "CPS deduction" would be introduced as a tax incentive for small enter-prises that decide to introduce a CPS for their employees. This deduction would function similarly to the investment deduction option afforded under Section 7g of the German Income Tax Act, resulting in a positive liquidity and tax deferment effect for small enterprises. Recommendation 2 aims at incentivizing employees to participate in a CPS. Two alternatives are offered. Either Germany's existing Riester subsidy system could be better integrated into CPS schemes by eliminating the duplication of contributions that exists under the status quo. Alternatively, a "CPS subsidy" could be introduced. This would involve granting a statutory subsidy to employers that contribute a certain minimum amount to the CPS on behalf of their employees. As a consequence, employees would be able to participate in a CPS without having to make a contribution of their own, which would have the desired effect especially for earners of low and very low incomes. In connection with Recommendation 2, the authors mention two additional aspects that ought to be implemented for the benefit of employees. One, a restriction should be placed on the extent to which CPS payments are set off against basic social security payments. Two, the acquisition costs of insurance-based CPS solutions should be spread across the entire term of the agreement, meaning that no commission fees can be retained that relate to contributions that haven't yet been made. Finally, the authors recommend two measures that serve to flexibilize and simplify the legal framework surrounding CPS: an increase in the tax- and social insurance contribution-exempt total outlay in the presence of insurance-based external funding and, related to this, a switch from an annualized to a lifetime- or length-of-service-based approach.show moreshow less
Metadaten
Author: Dirk Kiesewetter, Michael Grom, Moritz Menzel, Dominik Tschinkl
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-128597
Document Type:Book
Faculties:Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät / Betriebswirtschaftliches Institut
Language:German
Year of Completion:2016
Publisher:Würzburg University Press
Place of publication:Würzburg
ISBN:978-3-95826-030-6 (print)
ISBN:978-3-95826-031-3 (online)
Pagenumber:300
DOI:https://doi.org/10.25972/WUP-978-3-95826-031-3
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 33 Wirtschaft / 331 Arbeitsökonomie
GND Keyword:Betriebliche Altersversorgung
Tag:Altersversorgung; Altervorsorge; bAV
Release Date:2016/04/14
Note:
Parallel erschienen als Druckausg. in Würzburg University Press, ISBN 978-3-95826-030-6 , 39,80 EUR. http://www.schoeningh-buch.de//shop/item/9783958260306 oder http://www.amazon.de/Optimierungsm%C3%B6glichkeiten-sozialversicherungsrechtlichen-F%C3%B6rderregelungen-betrieblichen-Altersversorgung/dp/3958260306/.
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY-SA: Creative-Commons-Lizenz: Namensnennung, Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen