Pathophysiological mechanisms of bradycardia in patients with anorexia nervosa

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-244724
  • Background The purpose of this investigation was to examine heart rate variability (HRV), interbeat interval (IBI), and their interrelationship in healthy controls, bradycardic hyperpolarization‐activated cyclic nucleotide‐gated channel 4 (HCN4) mutation carriers, and patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). We tested the hypothesis that neural mechanisms cause bradycardia in patients with AN. Therefore, we assumed that saturation of the HRV/IBI relationship as a consequence of sustained parasympathetic control of the sinus node is exclusivelyBackground The purpose of this investigation was to examine heart rate variability (HRV), interbeat interval (IBI), and their interrelationship in healthy controls, bradycardic hyperpolarization‐activated cyclic nucleotide‐gated channel 4 (HCN4) mutation carriers, and patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). We tested the hypothesis that neural mechanisms cause bradycardia in patients with AN. Therefore, we assumed that saturation of the HRV/IBI relationship as a consequence of sustained parasympathetic control of the sinus node is exclusively detectable in patients with AN. Methods Patients with AN between the ages of 12 and 16 years admitted to our hospital due to malnutrition were grouped and included in the present investigation (N = 20). A matched‐pair group with healthy children and adolescents was created. Groups were matched for age and sex. A 24‐hour Holter electrocardiography (ECG) was performed in controls and patients. More specifically, all patients underwent two 24‐hour Holter ECG examinations (admission; refeeding treatment). Additionally, the IBI was recorded during the night in HCN4 mutation carriers (N = 4). HRV parameters were analyzed in 5‐minute sequences during the night and plotted against mean corresponding IBI length. HRV, IBI, and their interrelationship were examined using Spearman's rank correlation analyses, Mann‐Whitney U tests, and Wilcoxon signed‐rank tests. Results The relationship between IBI and HRV showed signs of saturation in patients with AN. Furthermore, signs of HRV saturation were present in two HCN4 mutation carriers. In contrast, signs of HRV saturation were not present in controls. Conclusions The existence of HRV saturation does not support the existence of parasympathetically mediated bradycardia. Nonneural mechanisms, such as HCN4 downregulation, may be responsible for bradycardia and HRV saturation in patients with AN.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Reiner Buchhorn, Christoph Baumann, Christian Willaschek
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-244724
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät
Language:English
Parent Title (English):Health Science Reports
Year of Completion:2021
Volume:4
Issue:3
Article Number:e331
Source:Health Science Reports 2021, 4(3):e331. DOI: 10.1002/hsr2.331
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/hsr2.331
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Tag:adolescent; anorexia nervosa; autonomic nervous system; electrocardiography; heart rate
Release Date:2022/01/12
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz: Namensnennung 4.0 International