Park−People Relationships: The Socioeconomic Monitoring of National Parks in Bavaria, Germany

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-245061
  • Questions about park–people relationships and the understanding and handling of the conflicts that may result from the creation and management of national parks in the surrounding area are prerequisites for both successful park management and sustainable rural tourism development. This paper analyzes the roles that research may play in relation to park–people relationships in the context of the two oldest German national parks located in Bavaria. The different fields of action of national parks are used to identify the potential for conflict,Questions about park–people relationships and the understanding and handling of the conflicts that may result from the creation and management of national parks in the surrounding area are prerequisites for both successful park management and sustainable rural tourism development. This paper analyzes the roles that research may play in relation to park–people relationships in the context of the two oldest German national parks located in Bavaria. The different fields of action of national parks are used to identify the potential for conflict, using detailed case studies from the Bavarian Forest and Berchtesgaden National Parks using quantitative population surveys carried out in 2018. The overall attitude towards both national parks is overwhelmingly positive, with trust towards park administrations and the perceived economic benefits from rural tourism being the attitudes most strongly correlated to the overall level of park–people relationships. Nevertheless, some points of contention still exist, like the ecological integrity approach towards strict nature conservation and related landscape changes (e.g., deadwood cover). A comparison over time shows in both cases that the spatial proximity to the protected area negatively influences people’s attitudes towards the parks, but less so than in the past. Recommendations for national park management include communicating proactively and with greater transparency with locals and decision-makers, to identify conflicts earlier and, where possible, to eliminate them. Furthermore, developing a standardized method to monitor park–people relationships in Germany is a must and would benefit integrated approaches in research and management based on conservation social science.show moreshow less

Download full text files

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar Statistics
Metadaten
Author: Hubert Job, Sarah Bittlingmaier, Marius Mayer, Eick von Ruschkowski, Manuel Woltering
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-245061
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Philosophische Fakultät (Histor., philolog., Kultur- und geograph. Wissensch.) / Institut für Geographie und Geologie
Language:English
Parent Title (English):Sustainability
ISSN:2071-1050
Year of Completion:2021
Volume:13
Issue:16
Article Number:8984
Source:Sustainability 2021, 13(16), 8984; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13168984
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/su13168984
Dewey Decimal Classification:9 Geschichte und Geografie / 91 Geografie, Reisen / 914.3 Landeskunde Deutschlands
Tag:Bavaria; Bavarian Forest; Berchtesgaden; Germany; conflicts; national parks; park–people relationships; rural tourism
Release Date:2022/01/11
Date of first Publication:2021/08/11
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz: Namensnennung 4.0 International