Magnetosensation during re-learning walks in desert ants (Cataglyphis nodus)

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-266556
  • At the beginning of their foraging careers, Cataglyphis desert ants calibrate their compass systems and learn the visual panorama surrounding the nest entrance. For that, they perform well-structured initial learning walks. During rotational body movements (pirouettes), naïve ants (novices) gaze back to the nest entrance to memorize their way back to the nest. To align their gaze directions, they rely on the geomagnetic field as a compass cue. In contrast, experienced ants (foragers) use celestial compass cues for path integration during foodAt the beginning of their foraging careers, Cataglyphis desert ants calibrate their compass systems and learn the visual panorama surrounding the nest entrance. For that, they perform well-structured initial learning walks. During rotational body movements (pirouettes), naïve ants (novices) gaze back to the nest entrance to memorize their way back to the nest. To align their gaze directions, they rely on the geomagnetic field as a compass cue. In contrast, experienced ants (foragers) use celestial compass cues for path integration during food search. If the panorama at the nest entrance is changed, foragers perform re-learning walks prior to heading out on new foraging excursions. Here, we show that initial learning walks and re-learning walks are structurally different. During re-learning walks, foragers circle around the nest entrance before leaving the nest area to search for food. During pirouettes, they do not gaze back to the nest entrance. In addition, foragers do not use the magnetic field as a compass cue to align their gaze directions during re-learning walk pirouettes. Nevertheless, magnetic alterations during re-learning walks under manipulated panoramic conditions induce changes in nest-directed views indicating that foragers are still magnetosensitive in a cue conflict situation.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Pauline N. Fleischmann, Robin Grob, Wolfgang Rössler
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-266556
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Fakultät für Biologie / Theodor-Boveri-Institut für Biowissenschaften
Language:English
Parent Title (English):Journal of Comparative Physiology A
ISSN:1432-1351
Year of Completion:2022
Volume:208
Issue:1
Pagenumber:125-133
Source:Journal of Comparative Physiology A 2022, 208(1):125-133. DOI: 10.1007/s00359-021-01511-4
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00359-021-01511-4
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=34677637
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Tag:landmark panorama; learning and memory; magnetic compass; navigation; path integration
Release Date:2022/08/03
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz: Namensnennung 4.0 International