## Ribocharin: a nuclear M$$_r$$ 40,000 protein specific to precursor particles of the large ribosomal subunit

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-41169
• Using a monoclonal antibody (No-194) we have identified, in Xenopus laevis and other amphibia, an acidic protein of M, 40,000 (ribocharin) which is specifically associated with the granular component of the nucleolus and nucleoplasmic 65S particles. These particles contain the nuclear 28S rRNA and apparently represent the precursor to the large ribosomal subunit in nucleocytoplasmic transit. By immunoelectron microscopy ribocharin has been localized in the granular component of the nucleolus and in interchromatin granules. During mitosisUsing a monoclonal antibody (No-194) we have identified, in Xenopus laevis and other amphibia, an acidic protein of M, 40,000 (ribocharin) which is specifically associated with the granular component of the nucleolus and nucleoplasmic 65S particles. These particles contain the nuclear 28S rRNA and apparently represent the precursor to the large ribosomal subunit in nucleocytoplasmic transit. By immunoelectron microscopy ribocharin has been localized in the granular component of the nucleolus and in interchromatin granules. During mitosis ribocharin-containing particles are associated with surfaces of chromosomes and are recollected in the reconstituting nucleoli in late telophase. We suggest that ribocharin is a specific component of precursor particles of the large ribosomal subunit, which dissociates from the 65S particle before passage through the nuclear envelope, and is reutilized in ribosome biogenesis.