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Isolation and characterization of the \(\alpha\)-Sialyl-\(\beta\) 2-3-Galactosyl (S)-Specific Adhesin fimbriated Escherichia coli

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-40330
  • The \(\alpha\)-Sialyl-\(\beta\) 2-3-Galactosyl-specific adhesin (S adhesin) was isolated from cells of a recombinant Escherichia coli K-12 strain expressing the S-flmbrial adhesin complex. A crude cell extract was partiaUy dissociated into fimbriae and an adhesin-enriched fraction by heating to 7O°C. From the latter, adhesin was purified to apparent homogeneity (by fast protein liquid chromatography, immunoblot, and NaDodSO\(_4\)/PAGE) by differential ammonium sulfate precipitation, dissociation in 8 M guanidine hydrochloride, andThe \(\alpha\)-Sialyl-\(\beta\) 2-3-Galactosyl-specific adhesin (S adhesin) was isolated from cells of a recombinant Escherichia coli K-12 strain expressing the S-flmbrial adhesin complex. A crude cell extract was partiaUy dissociated into fimbriae and an adhesin-enriched fraction by heating to 7O°C. From the latter, adhesin was purified to apparent homogeneity (by fast protein liquid chromatography, immunoblot, and NaDodSO\(_4\)/PAGE) by differential ammonium sulfate precipitation, dissociation in 8 M guanidine hydrochloride, and high-resolution anion-exchange chromatography in 8 M urea. The purified adhesin formed an aggregate of M\(_r\)\(\approx\)10\(^6\) that was made up of one type of 12-kDa polypeptide (fimbrillin is 16.5 kDa). It had pI value of 4.7 (fimbriae has a pI value of 6). Adhesin and fimbrillin had different amino add compositions. The purified adhesins agglutinated human and bovine erythrocytes with the same speclfkity as the whole bacteria; purified fimbriae were not adhesive. Monoclonal anti-adhesin and anti-fimbriae antibodies were obtained. Monoclonal antiadhesin, but none of the anti-fimbriae, antibodies inhibited the agglutination of erythrocytes. The anti-adhesive antibodies were used in immuno-gold electron microscopy to localize adhesin exclusively on the fimbriae, with a possible preference to their tips.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Thomas Moch, Heinz Hoschützky, Jörg Hacker, Klaus-D. Krönke, Klaus Jann
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-40330
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Institut für Molekulare Infektionsbiologie
Language:English
Year of Completion:1987
Source:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (1987) 84, 3462-3466.
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Release Date:2009/11/30