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Functional and genetic characterization of clinical malignant hyperthermia crises: a multi-centre study

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-117630
  • Background: Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a rare pharmacogenetic disorder which is characterized by life-threatening metabolic crises during general anesthesia. Classical triggering substances are volatile anesthetics and succinylcholine (SCh). The molecular basis of MH is excessive release of Ca2+ in skeletal muscle principally by a mutated ryanodine receptor type 1 (RyR1). To identify factors explaining the variable phenotypic presentation and complex pathomechanism, we analyzed proven MH events in terms of clinical course, muscleBackground: Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a rare pharmacogenetic disorder which is characterized by life-threatening metabolic crises during general anesthesia. Classical triggering substances are volatile anesthetics and succinylcholine (SCh). The molecular basis of MH is excessive release of Ca2+ in skeletal muscle principally by a mutated ryanodine receptor type 1 (RyR1). To identify factors explaining the variable phenotypic presentation and complex pathomechanism, we analyzed proven MH events in terms of clinical course, muscle contracture, genetic factors and pharmocological triggers. Methods: In a multi-centre study including seven European MH units, patients with a history of a clinical MH episode confirmed by susceptible (MHS) or equivocal (MHE) in vitro contracture tests (IVCT) were investigated. A test result is considered to be MHE if the muscle specimens develop pathological contractures in response to only one of the two test substances, halothane or caffeine. Crises were evaluated using a clinical grading scale (CGS), results of IVCT and genetic screening. The effects of SCh and volatile anesthetics on Ca2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) were studied in vitro. Results: A total of 200 patients met the inclusion criteria. Two MH crises (1%) were triggered by SCh (1 MHS, 1 MHE), 18% by volatile anesthetics and 81% by a combination of both. Patients were 70% male and 50% were younger than 12 years old. Overall, CGS was in accord with IVCT results. Crises triggered by enflurane had a significantly higher CGS compared to halothane, isoflurane and sevoflurane. Of the 200 patients, 103 carried RyR1 variants, of which 14 were novel. CGS varied depending on the location of the mutation within the RyR1 gene. In contrast to volatile anesthetics, SCh did not evoke Ca2+ release from isolated rat SR vesicles. Conclusions: An MH event could depend on patient-related risk factors such as male gender, young age and causative RyR1 mutations as well as on the use of drugs lowering the threshold of myoplasmic Ca2+ release. SCh might act as an accelerant by promoting unspecific Ca2+ influx via the sarcolemma and indirect RyR1 activation. Most MH crises develop in response to the combined administration of SCh and volatile anesthetics.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Werner Klingler, Sebastian Heiderich, Thierry Girard, Elvira Gravino, James J. A. Heffron, Stephan Johannsen, Karin Jurkat-Rott, Henrik Rüffert, Frank Schuster, Marc Snoeck, Vincenzo Sorrentino, Vincenzo Tegazzin, Frank Lehmann-Horn
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-117630
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Klinik und Poliklinik für Anästhesiologie (ab 2004)
Language:English
Parent Title (English):Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
ISSN:1750-1172
Year of Completion:2014
Volume:9
Issue:8
Source:Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2014 9:8. doi:10.1186/1750-1172-9-8
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/1750-1172-9-8
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=24433488
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Tag:New Zealand; North American; RyR1 mutations; central core disease; inhalation anesthetics; malignant hyperthermia; ryanodine receptor gene; sarcoplasmic reticulum; skeletal muscle; succinylcholine; susceptibility; suxamethonium; vitro contracture test; volatile anesthetics
Release Date:2015/08/24
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz: Namensnennung