• search hit 4 of 17
Back to Result List

Comparison of elution characteristics and compressive strength of biantibiotic-loaded PMMA bone cement for spacers: Copal\(^®\) spacem with gentamicin and vancomycin versus Palacos\(^®\) R+G with vancomycin

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-177435
  • Purpose. Copal\(^®\) spacem is a new PMMA bone cement for fabricating spacers. This study compares elution of gentamicin, elution of vancomycin, and compressive strength of Copal\(^®\) spacem and of Palacos\(^®\) R+G at different vancomycin loadings in the powder of the cements. We hypothesized that antibiotic elution of Copal\(^®\) spacem is superior at comparable compressive strength. Methods. Compression test specimens were fabricated using Copal\(^®\) spacem manually loaded with 0.5 g gentamicin and additionally 2 g, 4 g, and 6 g ofPurpose. Copal\(^®\) spacem is a new PMMA bone cement for fabricating spacers. This study compares elution of gentamicin, elution of vancomycin, and compressive strength of Copal\(^®\) spacem and of Palacos\(^®\) R+G at different vancomycin loadings in the powder of the cements. We hypothesized that antibiotic elution of Copal\(^®\) spacem is superior at comparable compressive strength. Methods. Compression test specimens were fabricated using Copal\(^®\) spacem manually loaded with 0.5 g gentamicin and additionally 2 g, 4 g, and 6 g of vancomycin per 40 g of cement powder (COP specimens) and using 0.5 g gentamicin premixed Palacos\(^®\) R+G manually loaded with 2 g, 4 g, and 6 g of vancomycin per 40 g of cement powder (PAL specimens). These specimens were used for determination of gentamicin and vancomycin elution (in fetal calf serum, at 22°C) and for determination of compressive strength both prior and following the elution tests. Results. Cumulative gentamicin concentrations (p < 0.005) and gentamicin concentration after 28 days (p ≤ 0.043) were significantly lower for COP specimens compared to PAL specimens. Cumulative vancomycin concentrations were significantly higher (p ≤ 0.043) for COP specimens after the second day. Vancomycin concentrations after 28 days were not significantly higher for the Copal specimens loaded with 2 g and 4 g of vancomycin. Compressive strength was not significantly different between COP specimens and PAL specimens before elution tests. Compressive strength after the elution tests was significantly lower (p = 0.005) for COP specimens loaded with 2 g of vancomycin. Conclusion. We could not demonstrate consistent superior antibiotic elution from Copal\(^®\) spacem compared to Palacos\(^®\) R+G for fabricating gentamicin and vancomycin loaded spacers. The results do not favor Copal\(^®\) spacem over Palacos\(^®\) R+G for the use as a gentamicin and vancomycin biantibiotic-loaded spacer.show moreshow less

Download full text files

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar Statistics
Metadaten
Author: Sebastian P. BoelchORCiD, Kilian Rueckl, Clara Fuchs, Martin Jordan, Markus Knauer, Andre Steinert, Maximilian Rudert, Martin Luedemann
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-177435
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Lehrstuhl für Orthopädie
Medizinische Fakultät / Klinik und Poliklinik für Unfall-, Hand-, Plastische und Wiederherstellungschirurgie (Chirurgische Klinik II)
Language:English
Parent Title (English):BioMed Research International
Year of Completion:2018
Volume:2018
Issue:4323518
Source:BioMed Research International Volume 2018, Article ID 4323518. DOI: 10.1155/2018/4323518
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4323518
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 617 Chirurgie und verwandte medizinische Fachrichtungen
Tag:Copal\(^®\) spacem; PMMA bone cement; compressive strength; elution
Release Date:2019/04/11
Collections:Open-Access-Publikationsfonds / Förderzeitraum 2018
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz: Namensnennung 4.0 International