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Theoretical Study of the Reaction O(\(^3\)P) + C\(_2\)H\(_4\) and comparison with the \(^3\)CH\(_3\) + C\(_2\)H\(_4\) Reaction

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-59076
  • The minimum energy path for the reaction O(\(^3\)P\(_g\)) + C\(_2\)H\(_4\)(\(^1\)A\(_g\)) has been calculated by optimizing all relevant geometrical parameters along the approach of oxygen to ethene. A barrier of 4.7 kcal/mol in the \(^3\)A"( ... 9a'\(^2\)- 10a'3a") potential energy surface and an energy difference of 14.4 kcal/mol between the product and the fragments is found at the multireference-configuration interaction level. The corresponding values at the lower-level treatment CASSCF are 9 kcal/mol for the barrier and 9 kcal/mol for theThe minimum energy path for the reaction O(\(^3\)P\(_g\)) + C\(_2\)H\(_4\)(\(^1\)A\(_g\)) has been calculated by optimizing all relevant geometrical parameters along the approach of oxygen to ethene. A barrier of 4.7 kcal/mol in the \(^3\)A"( ... 9a'\(^2\)- 10a'3a") potential energy surface and an energy difference of 14.4 kcal/mol between the product and the fragments is found at the multireference-configuration interaction level. The corresponding values at the lower-level treatment CASSCF are 9 kcal/mol for the barrier and 9 kcal/mol for the depth of the potential; this shows the importance of inclusion of electron correlation. The barrier for CH\(_2\) rotation for the lowestenergy structure (asymmetric OC\(_2\)H\(_4\)) is around 5 kcal/mol. The energy gap to the first excited state \(^3\)A'( ... 9a'l0a'3a'12) is found tobe 3.6 kcal/mol in MRD-CI calculations at the ground-state minimum. Comparison with \(^3\)CH\(_2\) + C\(_2\)H\(_4\) shows that in this system the lowest-energy surface is \(^3\)A', i.e., the state which is the excited state in 0 + C\(_2\)H\(_4\). This difference in energy ordering of \(^3\)A' and \(^3\)A" states results from the fact that the p\(_x\), p\(_y\), p\(_z\) degeneracy of oxygen orbitals is lifted in \(^3\)CH\(_2\)leading to b\(_1\), b\(_2\). and a\(_1\) MOs whereby the lowest b\(_2\) (a") remains doubly occupied; as a consequence, the reaction pattem between the oxygen and \(^3\)CH\(_2\) approach is different, which is also quite apparent in the calculated charge transfer.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: D. Wortmann-Saleh, Bernd Engels, S. D. Peyerimhoff
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-59076
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Fakultät für Chemie und Pharmazie / Institut für Organische Chemie
Language:English
Year of Completion:1994
Source:In: The journal of physical chemistry <Washington, DC> (1994) 98, 9541-9545.
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie / 540 Chemie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
GND Keyword:Organische Chemie
Release Date:2011/11/08
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht