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Recognition of facial expressions in individuals with elevated levels of depressive symptoms: an eye-movement study

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-123153
  • Previous studies consistently reported abnormal recognition of facial expressions in depression. However, it is still not clear whether this abnormality is due to an enhanced or impaired ability to recognize facial expressions, and what underlying cognitive systems are involved. The present study aimed to examine how individuals with elevated levels of depressive symptoms differ from controls on facial expression recognition and to assess attention and information processing using eye tracking. Forty participants (18 with elevated depressivePrevious studies consistently reported abnormal recognition of facial expressions in depression. However, it is still not clear whether this abnormality is due to an enhanced or impaired ability to recognize facial expressions, and what underlying cognitive systems are involved. The present study aimed to examine how individuals with elevated levels of depressive symptoms differ from controls on facial expression recognition and to assess attention and information processing using eye tracking. Forty participants (18 with elevated depressive symptoms) were instructed to label facial expressions depicting one of seven emotions. Results showed that the high-depression group, in comparison with the low-depression group, recognized facial expressions faster and with comparable accuracy. Furthermore, the high-depression group demonstrated greater leftwards attention bias which has been argued to be an indicator of hyperactivation of right hemisphere during facial expression recognition.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Lingdan Wu, Jie Pu, John J. B. Allen, Paul Pauli
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-123153
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie
Language:English
Parent Title (English):Depression Research and Treatment
Year of Completion:2012
Volume:2012
Issue:249030
Source:Depression Research and Treatment. 2012:249030, 2012. doi:10.1155/2012/249030
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/249030
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=PMC3263589
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 616 Krankheiten
Tag:Depression
Release Date:2015/12/18
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz: Namensnennung