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Nonverbal expression of psychological states in psychiatric patients

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-43179
  • Nonverbal behavior, especially facial expression, appears as one of the most important means for communicating affective states. Studies on groups of psychiatric patients and control subjects are reported in which nonverbal behavior is analyzed from videotaped dialogues. Using a quantitative approach, results on facial behavior, speech, and gaze are described, which shed light on the expressive and communicative functions of nonverbal behavior. From longitudinal observations on depressed patients it emerged that individualspecific associationsNonverbal behavior, especially facial expression, appears as one of the most important means for communicating affective states. Studies on groups of psychiatric patients and control subjects are reported in which nonverbal behavior is analyzed from videotaped dialogues. Using a quantitative approach, results on facial behavior, speech, and gaze are described, which shed light on the expressive and communicative functions of nonverbal behavior. From longitudinal observations on depressed patients it emerged that individualspecific associations have to be taken into account for the relationship between expressive behavior and mood changes. The predominance of facial behavior in the speaker role of an individual found in patients and control groups points to the integrated communicative function of the verbal and nonverbal elements. However, recovered schizophrenic patients exhibited a dissociation of these elements. Implications for our understanding of nonverbal communications are discussed.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Johann Heinrich Ellgring
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-43179
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Philosophische Fakultät III (bis Sept. 2007) / Institut für Psychologie
Language:English
Year of Completion:1986
Source:In: European Archives of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences (1986) 236, 31 - 34.
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Tag:Depression; Expression of mood states; Facial expression; Gaze behavior; Nonverbal communications; Psychopathology; Schizophrenia
Release Date:2010/02/12