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A nucleolar skeleton of protein filaments demonstrated in amplified nucleoli of Xenopus laevis

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-33130
  • The amplified, extrachromosomal nucleoli of Xenopus oocytes contain a meshwork of -4-nm-thick filaments, which are densely coiled into higher-order fibrils of diameter 30-40 nm and are resistant to treatment with high- and low-salt concentrations, nucleases (DNase I, pancreatic RNase, micrococcal nuclease), sulfhydryl agents, and various nonionic detergents. This filamentous "skeleton" has been prepared from manually isolated nuclear contents and nucleoli as weil as from nucleoli isolated by fluorescence-activated particle sorting. TheThe amplified, extrachromosomal nucleoli of Xenopus oocytes contain a meshwork of -4-nm-thick filaments, which are densely coiled into higher-order fibrils of diameter 30-40 nm and are resistant to treatment with high- and low-salt concentrations, nucleases (DNase I, pancreatic RNase, micrococcal nuclease), sulfhydryl agents, and various nonionic detergents. This filamentous "skeleton" has been prepared from manually isolated nuclear contents and nucleoli as weil as from nucleoli isolated by fluorescence-activated particle sorting. The nucleolar skeletons are observed in light and electron microscopy and are characterized by ravels of filaments that are especially densely packed in the nucleolar cortex. DNA as weil as RNA are not constituents of this structure, and precursors to ribosomal RNAs are completely removed from the extraction-resistant filaments by treatment with high-salt buffer or RN ase. Fractions of isolated nucleolar skeletons show specific enrichment of an acidic major protein of 145,000 mol wt and an apparent pi value of -6.15, accompanied in some preparations by various amounts of minor proteins. The demonstration of this skeletal structure in "free" extrachromosomal nucleoli excludes the problem of contaminations by nonnucleolar material such as perinucleolar heterochromatin normally encountered in studies of nucleoli from somatic cells. It is suggested that this insoluble protein filament complex forms a skeleton specific to the nucleolus proper that is different from other extraction-resistant components of the nucleus such as matrix and lamina and is involved in the spatial organization of the nucleolar chromatin and its transcriptional products. In studies of the organization of the interphase nucleus, considerable progress has been made in the elucidation of the arrangement of chromatin components and transcriptional products. However, relatively little is known about the composition and function of another category of nuclear structures, the nonnucleoproteinaceous architectural components that are insoluble in solutions of low and high ionic strength, despite numerous studies dedicated to this problem. Such structures include (a) the nuclear envelope and its pore complexes (I, 15, 18, 23, 37, 41), (b) a peripheral layer of insoluble protein ("lamina"; I, 15, 22, 23, 59), (e) certain skeletal proteins related to the chromosome "scaffold" described by Laemmli and coworkers (see references 2 and 3), and (d) ill-defined tangles of fibrillar structures of the nuclear interior that are collectively described as residual "matrix" (6, 21 ; for reviews, see references THE JOURNAL OF CEll BrOlOGY . VOlUME 90 AUGUST 1981 289-299 © The RockefeIler University Press · 0021 -9525/ 81 / 08/ 0289/ 11 $1 .00 4 and 12). The latter, preparativelyshow moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Werner W. Franke, Jürgen A. Kleinschmidt, Herbert Spring, Georg Krohne, Christine Grund, Michael F. Trendelenburg, Michael Stöhr, Ulrich Scheer
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-33130
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Fakultät für Biologie / Theodor-Boveri-Institut für Biowissenschaften
Language:English
Year of Completion:1981
Source:In: Journal of Cell Biology (1981) 90, 289-299.
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Release Date:2009/08/28