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Early stages of sex chromosome differentiation in fish as analysed by simple repetitive DNA sequences

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-61715
  • Animal sex chromosome evolution has started on different occasions with a homologous pair of autosomes leading to morphologically differentiated gonosomes. In contrast to other vertebrate classes, among fishes cytologically dernonstrahle sex chromosomes are rare. In reptiles, certain motifs of simple tandemly repeated DNA sequences like (gata)\(_n\)/(gaca)\(_m\) are associated with the constitutive heterochromatin of sex chromosomes. In this study a panel of simple repetitive sequence probes was hybridized to restriction enzyme digested genomicAnimal sex chromosome evolution has started on different occasions with a homologous pair of autosomes leading to morphologically differentiated gonosomes. In contrast to other vertebrate classes, among fishes cytologically dernonstrahle sex chromosomes are rare. In reptiles, certain motifs of simple tandemly repeated DNA sequences like (gata)\(_n\)/(gaca)\(_m\) are associated with the constitutive heterochromatin of sex chromosomes. In this study a panel of simple repetitive sequence probes was hybridized to restriction enzyme digested genomic DNA of poeciliid fishes. Apparent male heterogamety previously established by genetic experiments in Poecilia reticulata (guppy) was correlated with male-specific hybridization using the (GACA)\(_4\) probe. The (GATA)\(_4\) oligonucleotide identifies certain male guppies by a Y chromosomal polymorphism in the outbred population. In cantrast none of the genetically defined heterogametic situations in Xiphophorus could be verified consistently using the collection of simple repetitive sequence probes. Only individuals from particular populations produced sex-specific patterns of hybridization with (GATA)\(_4\). Additional poeciliid species (P. sphenops, P. velifera) harbour different sex-specifically organized simple repeat motifs. The observed sex-specific hybridization patterns were substantiated by banding analyses of the karyotypes and by in situ hybridization using the (GACA)\(_4\) probe.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Indrajit Nanda, Manfred Schartl, Wolfgang Feichtinger, Jörg T. Epplen, Michael Schmid
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-61715
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Theodor-Boveri-Institut für Biowissenschaften
Language:English
Year of Completion:1992
Source:Chromosoma (1992) , 101, 301-310
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie / 540 Chemie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
GND Keyword:Physiologische Chemie
Release Date:2011/12/09
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht