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Follow the sign! Top-down contingent attentional capture of masked arrow cues

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-140030
  • Arrow cues and other overlearned spatial symbols automatically orient attention according to their spatial meaning. This renders them similar to exogenous cues that occur at stimulus location. Exogenous cues trigger shifts of attention even when they are presented subliminally. Here, we investigate to what extent the mechanisms underlying the orienting of attention by exogenous cues and by arrow cues are comparable by analyzing the effects of visible and masked arrow cues on attention. In Experiment 1, we presented arrow cues with overall 50%Arrow cues and other overlearned spatial symbols automatically orient attention according to their spatial meaning. This renders them similar to exogenous cues that occur at stimulus location. Exogenous cues trigger shifts of attention even when they are presented subliminally. Here, we investigate to what extent the mechanisms underlying the orienting of attention by exogenous cues and by arrow cues are comparable by analyzing the effects of visible and masked arrow cues on attention. In Experiment 1, we presented arrow cues with overall 50% validity. Visible cues, but not masked cues, lead to shifts of attention. In Experiment 2, the arrow cues had an overall validity of 80%. Now both visible and masked arrows lead to shifts of attention. This is in line with findings that subliminal exogenous cues capture attention only in a top-down contingent manner, that is, when the cues fit the observer’s intentions.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Heiko Reuss, Carsten Pohl, Andrea Kiesel, Wilfried Kunde
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-140030
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Fakultät für Humanwissenschaften (Philos., Psycho., Erziehungs- u. Gesell.-Wissensch.) / Institut für Psychologie
Language:English
Parent Title (English):Advances in Cognitive Psychology
Year of Completion:2011
Volume:7
Pagenumber:82-91
Source:Advances in Cognitive Psychology, vol 7 (2011), 82-91
DOI:https://doi.org/10.2478/v10053-008-0091-3
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Tag:Attention; arrow cues; contingent capture; masked priming; spatial cuing
Release Date:2019/04/03
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz: Namensnennung