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Agricultural Policies Exacerbate Honeybee Pollination Service Supply-Demand Mismatches Across Europe

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-117692
  • Declines in insect pollinators across Europe have raised concerns about the supply of pollination services to agriculture. Simultaneously, EU agricultural and biofuel policies have encouraged substantial growth in the cultivated area of insect pollinated crops across the continent. Using data from 41 European countries, this study demonstrates that the recommended number of honeybees required to provide crop pollination across Europe has risen 4.9 times as fast as honeybee stocks between 2005 and 2010. Consequently, honeybee stocks wereDeclines in insect pollinators across Europe have raised concerns about the supply of pollination services to agriculture. Simultaneously, EU agricultural and biofuel policies have encouraged substantial growth in the cultivated area of insect pollinated crops across the continent. Using data from 41 European countries, this study demonstrates that the recommended number of honeybees required to provide crop pollination across Europe has risen 4.9 times as fast as honeybee stocks between 2005 and 2010. Consequently, honeybee stocks were insufficient to supply >90% of demands in 22 countries studied. These findings raise concerns about the capacity of many countries to cope with major losses of wild pollinators and highlight numerous critical gaps in current understanding of pollination service supplies and demands, pointing to a pressing need for further research into this issue.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Tom D. Breeze, Bernhard E. Vaissiere, Riccardo Bommarco, Theodora Petanidou, Nicos Seraphides, Lajos Kozak, Jeroen Scheper, Jacobus C. Biesmeijer, David Kleijn, Steen Gyldenkærne, Marco Moretti, Andrea Holzschuh, Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter, Jane C. Stout, Meelis Pärtel, Martin Zobel, Simon G. Potts
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-117692
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Fakultät für Biologie / Theodor-Boveri-Institut für Biowissenschaften
Language:English
Parent Title (English):PLOS ONE
ISSN:1932-6203
Year of Completion:2014
Volume:9
Issue:1
Pagenumber:e82996
Source:PLoS ONE 9(1): e82996. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0082996
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082996
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=24421873
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Tag:abundance; biodiversity; colonies; crops; declines; density; economy services; enhance; fruit set; sequential introduction
Release Date:2015/08/24
EU-Project number / Contract (GA) number:244090
OpenAIRE:OpenAIRE
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz: Namensnennung