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Tumor necrosis factor-\(\alpha\) in combination with interferon-\(\gamma\), but not with interleukin 4 activates murine macrophages for elimination of Leishmania major amastigotes

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-31614
  • We have previously shown that during an infection with Leishmania major, susceptible BALB/c mice, as opposed to mice of a resistant strain (C57BLl6), are primed by lipopolysaccharide for the production of high levels of tumor necrosis factor-\(\alpha\) (TNF-\(\alpha\)) which is known to be a potent maerophage M\(\Phi\) stimulator in other parasitic diseases. In the present study we investigated whether TNF-\(\alpha\) activates M\(\Phi\) for killing of L. major parasites. In the absence of interferon-y (IFN-\(\gamma\)) or lipopolysaccharide,We have previously shown that during an infection with Leishmania major, susceptible BALB/c mice, as opposed to mice of a resistant strain (C57BLl6), are primed by lipopolysaccharide for the production of high levels of tumor necrosis factor-\(\alpha\) (TNF-\(\alpha\)) which is known to be a potent maerophage M\(\Phi\) stimulator in other parasitic diseases. In the present study we investigated whether TNF-\(\alpha\) activates M\(\Phi\) for killing of L. major parasites. In the absence of interferon-y (IFN-\(\gamma\)) or lipopolysaccharide, TNF-\(\alpha\) (0.025-25000 U/ml) failed to activate peritoneal exudate M\(\Phi\) from BALB/c mice for killling of L. major amastigotes. In the presence of suboptimal doses of IFN-\(\gamma\) (5 or 10 Vlml), however, TNF-\(\alpha\) mediated a rapid elimination of intracellular parasites, which was highly significant compared to IFN-\(\gamma\) alone. Tbe combination of TNF with interleukin 4, in contrast, was inactive in this respect and allowed survival of intracellular parasites. From these data we conelude that the presence of IFN-\(\gamma\) is crucial for TNF-\(\alpha\)-mediated killing of L. major parasites by M\(\Phi\). Disease progression in susceptible mice therefore seems to be a consequence of a deficiency of IFN-\(\gamma\) and a predominance of interleukin 4 rather than the result of an excess amount of TNF-\(\alpha\).show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Christian Bogdan, Heidrun Moll, Werner Solbach, Martin Röllinghoff
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-31614
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Institut für Molekulare Infektionsbiologie
Language:English
Year of Completion:1990
Volume:20
Source:Eur. J. Immunol. (1990) 20, 1131-1135.
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
GND Keyword:Infektionsbiologie
Release Date:2011/05/02
First Page:1131
Last Page:1135
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht