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Ciliary neurotrophic factor induces type-2 astrocyte differentiation in culture

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-42660
  • We have been studying a population of bipotential glial progenitor cells in the perinatal rat optic nerve and brain in an attempt to understand how cells choose between alternative fates in the developing mammalian central nervous system (CNS). This cell population gives rise initially to oligodendrocytes and then to type-2 astrocytes1 both of which apparently collaborate in sheathing axons in the CNS2,3. In vitro studies suggest that oligodendrocyte differentiation is the constitutive pathway of development for theWe have been studying a population of bipotential glial progenitor cells in the perinatal rat optic nerve and brain in an attempt to understand how cells choose between alternative fates in the developing mammalian central nervous system (CNS). This cell population gives rise initially to oligodendrocytes and then to type-2 astrocytes1 both of which apparently collaborate in sheathing axons in the CNS2,3. In vitro studies suggest that oligodendrocyte differentiation is the constitutive pathway of development for the oligodendrocyte-type-2-astrocyte (O-2A) progenitor cell4,5, whereas type-2 astrocyte differentiation depends on a specific inducing protein6. This protein is present in the developing optic nerve when type-2 astrocytes are differentiating and can induce 0-2A progenitor cells in vitro to express glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)6, a marker of astrocyte differentiation7. Here we show that the type-2-astrocyte-inducing protein is similar or identical to ciliary neutrotrophic factor (CNTF)8,9, which promotes the survival of some types of peripheral neurons in vitro8, including ciliary ganglion neurons8,10. This suggests that CNTF, in addition to its effect on neurons, may be responsible for triggering type-2 astrocyte differentiation in the developing CNS.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Simon M. Hughes, Laura E. Lillien, Martin C. Raff, Hermann Rohrer, Michael Sendtner
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-42660
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Institut für Klinische Neurobiologie
Language:English
Year of Completion:1988
Source:In: Nature, 1988, 335, 6185, 70 - 73
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Release Date:2010/01/19