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Different regulation of oncogene expression in tumor and embryonal cells of Xiphophorus

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-86240
  • Melanoma formation in the poeciliid fish Xiphophorus is mediated primarily by a cellular oncogene, designated Tu. Elimination of Tu-specific genes releases the transforming function of Tu and leads to melanoma formation. Southern blot analyses revealed a tight linkage of a v-erb B related gene to the Tu-locus and Northern blot analyses of RNA of solid melanomas indicated a coordinated deregulation and for mutational activation of several oncogenes. In order to get a better insight into the regulation of oncogene expression in normal andMelanoma formation in the poeciliid fish Xiphophorus is mediated primarily by a cellular oncogene, designated Tu. Elimination of Tu-specific genes releases the transforming function of Tu and leads to melanoma formation. Southern blot analyses revealed a tight linkage of a v-erb B related gene to the Tu-locus and Northern blot analyses of RNA of solid melanomas indicated a coordinated deregulation and for mutational activation of several oncogenes. In order to get a better insight into the regulation of oncogene expression in normal and transformed cells of Xiphophorus, we studied the expression of Xsrc, Xras, Xmyc, Xerb A, Xsis, and the v-erb B related gene in a melanoma derived cell line (PSM) and an embryonic cell line (A2) under conditions of low growth factor supply. Both celllines express the Xsrc, Xmyc, and Xras genes, while PSM cells in addition express the v-erb B related gene and A2 cells the Xsis gene. In PSM cells serum deprivation leads to an accumulation of most of the oncogene mRNAs analysed. This is most apparent for a 5.0 kb transcript of the v-erb B related gene, probably due to an increase in transcript stability. The levels of these mRNAs returned to normal within 2h after stimulation with 10% fetal calf serum. At the protein level we observed an initial decrease followed by an increase of the n-p60c-src kinase (the protein product of tbe Xsrc gene) activity in cells deprived of serum. Serum stimulation restored a normal pp60"-src kinase activity. In contrast serum deprivation of A2 cells reduced the transcript amounts of each of the oncogenes analysed. The same holds true for one beta-tubulin transcript, while the level of a second beta-tubulin transcript was unaffected. Serum stimulation led to a reactivation of Xras and Xsrc after a delay of approximately 48b. The pp60(c-src) kinase activity was found to be 6-10 times lower as compared to the PSM cells and did not differ between serum deprived and serum stimulated cells. Enzyme activities and isoenzyme patterns of several glycolytic enzymes were found to be not affected by serum deprivation and stimulation in both celllines.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: W. Maueler, A. Barnekow, E. Eigenbrodt, F. Raulf, H. F. Falk, A. Telling, Manfred Schartl
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-86240
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Theodor-Boveri-Institut für Biowissenschaften
Language:English
Year of Completion:1988
Source:In: Oncogene, 1988, 3, S. 113-122
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie / 540 Chemie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
GND Keyword:Schwertkärpfling; Tumorzelle
Release Date:2014/06/12
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht