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Contribution of mitochondrial and cytoplasmic protein synthesis to the formation of cytochrome b and cytochrome aa\(_3\)

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-62835
  • A cytochrome b preparation from Neurospora crassa mitochondria is found to consist of three polypeptides (apparent molecular weight 10 000, 11 000 and 32 000), a cytochrome aa3 preparation of six to seven polypeptides (apparent molecular weight 8 000, 11 000, 13 000, 18 000, 28 000 and 36 000). Selective incorporation of radioactive amino acids by eilher mitochondrial protein synthesis when the cytoplasmic one is blocked or by the cytoplasmic protein synthesis, when the mitochondrial one is blocked, indicates that one cytochrome b polypeptideA cytochrome b preparation from Neurospora crassa mitochondria is found to consist of three polypeptides (apparent molecular weight 10 000, 11 000 and 32 000), a cytochrome aa3 preparation of six to seven polypeptides (apparent molecular weight 8 000, 11 000, 13 000, 18 000, 28 000 and 36 000). Selective incorporation of radioactive amino acids by eilher mitochondrial protein synthesis when the cytoplasmic one is blocked or by the cytoplasmic protein synthesis, when the mitochondrial one is blocked, indicates that one cytochrome b polypeptide (mw 32 000) and one to three cytochrome aa3 polypeptides (mw 36 000, 28 000 and 18 000) are mitochondrial translation products, the other cytochrome b and cytochrome aa3 polypeptides cytoplasmic translation products. The delayed appearance of labeling in the cytochrome b and cytochrome aa3 polypeptides compared to the average cell protein after a pulse of <~H leueine revealed that these polypeptides are derived from separate pools of precursor polypeptides. The pool sizes range from 2 p. cent to 25 p. cent of the amount of the corresponding polypeptide present in the cytochromes. The 32 000 molecular weight polypeptide of cytochrome band at least the 18 000 molecular weight polypeptide of cytochrome aa\(_3\) are mitochondrial translation products as well in the fungus Neurospora crassa as in the insect Locusta migratoria. So, despite the fact that the size of mitochondrial DNA and mitochondrial ribosomes is reduced in insects, the products have maintained their characteristics.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: H. Weiss, Walter Sebald, A. J. Schwab, W. Kleinow, B. Lorenz
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-62835
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Fakultät für Biologie / Theodor-Boveri-Institut für Biowissenschaften
Language:English
Year of Completion:1973
Source:In: Biochimie (1973) 55(6) 815-821.
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
GND Keyword:Biochemie
Release Date:2012/05/06
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht