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Homology of melanoma-inducing loci in the genus Xiphophorus

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-61757
  • Several species of the genus Xiphophorus are polymorphic for specific pigment patterns. Same of these give rise to malignant melanoma following the appropriate crossings. For one of these pattern Iod from the platyfish Xiphophorus maculatus the melanoma-inducing gene has been doned and found to encode a novel receptor tyrosine kinase, designated Xmrk. Using molecular probes from this gene in Southern blot analyses on single fish DNA preparations from 600 specimens of different populations of various species of the genus Xiphophorus and theirSeveral species of the genus Xiphophorus are polymorphic for specific pigment patterns. Same of these give rise to malignant melanoma following the appropriate crossings. For one of these pattern Iod from the platyfish Xiphophorus maculatus the melanoma-inducing gene has been doned and found to encode a novel receptor tyrosine kinase, designated Xmrk. Using molecular probes from this gene in Southern blot analyses on single fish DNA preparations from 600 specimens of different populations of various species of the genus Xiphophorus and their hybrids, either with or without melanomapredisposing pattern, it was shown that all individuals contain the Xmrk gene as a proto-oncogene. It is located on the sex chromosome. All fish that carry a melanoma-predisposing locus which has been identified by Mendelian genetics contain an additional copy of Xmrk, closely linked to a specific melanophore pattern locus on the sex chromosome. The melanoma-inducing loci of the different species and populations are homologous. The additional copy of Xmrk obviously arose by a geneduplication event, thereby acquiring the oncogenic potential. The homology of the melanomainducing Iod points to a similar mechanism of tumor suppression in all feral fish populations of the different species of the genus Xiphophorus.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Manfred Schartl
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-61757
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Theodor-Boveri-Institut für Biowissenschaften
Language:English
Year of Completion:1990
Source:In: Genetics (1990 ) 126, 1083-1091
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie / 540 Chemie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
GND Keyword:Physiologische Chemie
Tag:Xiphophorus
Release Date:2011/12/12
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht