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Soziale Situationen als experimentelle Bedingungen der Pharmakopsychologie

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-86041
  • Summary (Social Situations as Experimental Conditions in Psychopharmacology): To reduce a great variability of drug effects in healthy subjects, stress conditions are used often in pharmacopsychology. However, empirical results show that the desired stress effects are failing. This paper suggests to realize social stress Situations as interactions between subjects, expecting higher challenging effects than experimentator-subject-interactions, usually used in experimental designs. Two experimental studies are reported: the call-upsituation andSummary (Social Situations as Experimental Conditions in Psychopharmacology): To reduce a great variability of drug effects in healthy subjects, stress conditions are used often in pharmacopsychology. However, empirical results show that the desired stress effects are failing. This paper suggests to realize social stress Situations as interactions between subjects, expecting higher challenging effects than experimentator-subject-interactions, usually used in experimental designs. Two experimental studies are reported: the call-upsituation and the group-therapy situation. The experimental effects were measured by changes of pulse-frequencies. The results indicate that in the two situations high and low dosages of tranquilizing drugs lead to comparable (and so predictable) effects only, if a Situation is high challenging for the experimental subjects. The call-up situation, which proves performance, challenges male subjects highly. The emotional or social competence demanding group-therapy situation is a high challenging situation for warnen. It is concluded that no situation is stressing a person generally. Depending from personality characteristics, differential stressor effects appear. Consequences for experiments in pharmacopsychology are discussed.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Ralph Kohnen, Hans-Peter Krüger
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-86041
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Faculties:Philosophische Fakultät III (bis Sept. 2007) / Institut für Psychologie
Language:German
Year of Completion:1981
Source:In: Bericht über den 32. Kongreß der Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie 1980 in Zürich. Teilband 1 / W. Michaelis (Hg.). - Göttingen [u.a.]: Hogrefe, 1981. - S. 614-616. - ISBN 3-8017-0175-1
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
GND Keyword:Soziale Situation; Psychopharmakologie
Release Date:2014/06/03
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht