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Osteoinductive, morphologic, and biomechanical properties of autolyzed, antigen-extracted, allogeneic human bone

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-86715
  • Autolyzed, antigen-extracted, allogeneic (AAA) bone was prepared from human cortical bone and its morphologic, biomechanical, and osteoinductive properlies were compared with untreated (frozen) as well as lyophilized human bone. Scanning electron microscopy revealed removal of inprganic calcium phosphates and persistence of shrunken collagen fibrils on the surface of AAA bone matrix. Biomechanical testing of differently prepared bone samples showed that lyophilization increased both the modulus of elasticity (P < .00001) and the compressiveAutolyzed, antigen-extracted, allogeneic (AAA) bone was prepared from human cortical bone and its morphologic, biomechanical, and osteoinductive properlies were compared with untreated (frozen) as well as lyophilized human bone. Scanning electron microscopy revealed removal of inprganic calcium phosphates and persistence of shrunken collagen fibrils on the surface of AAA bone matrix. Biomechanical testing of differently prepared bone samples showed that lyophilization increased both the modulus of elasticity (P < .00001) and the compressive strength (P < .00001 ). Depending on the depth of decalcification in the preparation of AAA bone, both measured values decreased in rehydrated AAA bone compared with untreated bone {P < .00001 ). Completely demineralized and rehydrated AAA bone was soft, flexible, and showed very little compressive strength. Differences in biomechanical behavior between samples drilled longitudinally or perpendicularly to the diaphyseal bone axis were observed. Xenogeneic human bone samples were implanted in muscle pouches of Sprague-Dawley rats for 6 weeks. AAA bone implants showed chondrogenesis and osteogenesis in 50% of the cases, while untreated or lyophilized bone implants induced no new cartilage or bone formation. As decalcification exposed xenogeneic organic matrix components, AAA bone implants provoked the highest inflammatory reaction. When AAA bone samples were implanted in immunosuppressed rats, the inflammatory reaction was suppressed and 94o/o of the implants showed endochondral bone formation. The chondroinductivity of the bone samples also was tested in vitro using neonatal rat muscle tissue to avoid interference with inflammatory cells and secreted cytokines. In this assay, 68°/o of AAA bone samples induced chondroneogenesis, while untreated as weil as lyophilized bone samples failed to induce any cartilage formation. The results clearly dernonstrafe that AAA bone has osteoinductive properties. Biomechanical stability of AAA bone implants depends on the degree of demineralization. Thus, they can be prepared in an appropriate manner for different indications in oral and maxillofacial surgery.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Norbert Kübler, Jürgen Reuther, Thomas Kirchner, Bernd Priessnitz, Walter Sebald
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-86715
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Theodor-Boveri-Institut für Biowissenschaften
Language:English
Year of Completion:1993
Source:In: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 1993, 51, 12, S. 1346-1357
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
GND Keyword:Mund-Kiefer-Gesichts-Chirurgie; Oralchirurgie
Release Date:2014/06/23
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht