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Injected histone antibodies interfere with transcription of lampbrush chromosome loops in oocytes of Pleurodeles

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-33166
  • Antibodies to calf thymus histone H2B were purified by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and injected into oocyte nuclei of Pleurodeles waltlii. As shown by indirect immunofluorescence these antibodies cross-reacted strongly with corresponding histones associated with lampbrush chromosomes. Shortly after injection the lateral loops of the chromosomes retracted into the chromomeres and by 3 h postinjection the 'lampbrush' appearance was completely lost and the chromosomes appeared in light-microscopic preparations as rod-like structuresAntibodies to calf thymus histone H2B were purified by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and injected into oocyte nuclei of Pleurodeles waltlii. As shown by indirect immunofluorescence these antibodies cross-reacted strongly with corresponding histones associated with lampbrush chromosomes. Shortly after injection the lateral loops of the chromosomes retracted into the chromomeres and by 3 h postinjection the 'lampbrush' appearance was completely lost and the chromosomes appeared in light-microscopic preparations as rod-like structures consisting of 10ngitudina11y coalesced chromomeres. In control oocytes injected with non-immune immunoglobulins or antibodies against a ubiquitous transcript-associated protein no morphological alterations of the lampbrush chromosomes could be observed. Electron microscopic spreads of chromosomes prepared at various times after injection of anti-H2B revealed a progressive loss of transcriptional complexes from the loop axes. Finally, higher-order chromatin configurations, like supranuc1eosomal globules (' superbeads ') or cable-like chromatin strands 50- 60 nm thick predominated, indicating complete transcriptional inactivation of a11 chromosomal regions. The results indicate that H2B antibodies react specifically with his tones associated with the transcribed DNA of lateral loops in their native state. The resulting antigenantibody complexes seem to inhibit progression of the R A polymerases along the template, thus causing the premature release of transcripts, a process analogous to the stripping effect of actinomycin D. The demonstration of histones associated with heavily transcribed regions, which are not compacted into nucleosomes but largely extended, supports the current concept that unfolding of nucleosomes to a110w transcription of the DNA does not involve dissociation of histones. In contrast, amplified ribosomal RNA genes are unaffected by injected HzB antibodies. This does not necessarily indicate absence of his tones from nucleolar chromatin, since we do not know whether it is accessible in vivo to antibodies or whether the histone antigenie determinants are masked by the presence of other proteins. The technique of injecting specific antibodies should be widely applicable when analysing the in vivo distribution of chromosomal components at the electron-microscopic level and when studying complex metabolie processes, like the cleavage and modification of RNA, by selective inhibition of defined enzymic steps.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Ulrich Scheer, John Sommerville, M. Bustin
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-33166
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Fakultät für Biologie / Theodor-Boveri-Institut für Biowissenschaften
Language:English
Year of Completion:1979
Source:In: J. Cell Sci. (1979) 40, 1-20.
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Release Date:2009/09/02