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Supranucleosomal and non-nucleosomal chromatin configurations

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-39447
  • A significant contribution to the understanding of chromatin organization was the d iscovery of the nucleosome as a globular repeating unit of the package of DNA (Hewish and Burgoyne, 1973; Woodcock, 1973; Kornberg, 1974; Olins and Olins, 1974; for review see Oudet et al., 1978 a) . In accord with the original definition and in ag reement with most workers in this field of research we identify a nucleosome as a spheric alor slightly oblate gr anular particle 10-13 nm in diameter, containing about 200 base pairs of DNA and two of each of theA significant contribution to the understanding of chromatin organization was the d iscovery of the nucleosome as a globular repeating unit of the package of DNA (Hewish and Burgoyne, 1973; Woodcock, 1973; Kornberg, 1974; Olins and Olins, 1974; for review see Oudet et al., 1978 a) . In accord with the original definition and in ag reement with most workers in this field of research we identify a nucleosome as a spheric alor slightly oblate gr anular particle 10-13 nm in diameter, containing about 200 base pairs of DNA and two of each of the four his tones H2a, H2b, H3 and H4. It is this structure in which the bulk of the nuclear chroma tin is organized in most eukaryotic cells, with the exception of the dinofl age llates (Rae and Steele, 1977; dinofl agellate DNA, however, c an be packed into nucleosoma l structures in vitro by addition of the appropriate amounts of histones;the same reference). Although it seems clear from the work reported that condensed and transcriptiona lly inactive chroma tin is contained in nucleosomes as the principle for first order p acking of DNA there are two important questions onto which we are focusing in the present study: ( i ) What is the higher order of p a cking present in - and perhaps typical-of - the condensed sta te of chromatin, and (ii) what is the specific form of arrangement of transcriptionally a ctive chromatin?show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Werner W. Franke, Hanswalter Zentgraf, Ulrich Scheer
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-39447
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Faculties:Fakultät für Biologie / Theodor-Boveri-Institut für Biowissenschaften
Language:English
Year of Completion:1978
Source:In: Ninth International Congress on Electron Microscopy, Toronto, Vol. III: State of the art symposia / J.M. Sturgess [Hrsg.]. - Toronto : Microscopical Soc. of Canada, 1978. - ISBN: 0-920622-08-9, S. 573-586.
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Release Date:2009/11/18