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Homogeneity and heterogeneity of sizes of transcriptional units and spacer regions in nucleolar genes of Acetabularia

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-41398
  • The arrangement of genes of precursor molecules for ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) in primary nuclei from two green algae species, Acetabularia mediterranea and A. major, has been analyzed in an electron microscope study. The pattern of transcriptional units in individual strands of nucleolar chromatin was investigated using spread and positively stained preparations. The rDNA pattern is not uniform but differs in different strands. The predominant type of nucleolar chromatin exhibits a high degree of homogeneity in the sequence of matrix unitsThe arrangement of genes of precursor molecules for ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) in primary nuclei from two green algae species, Acetabularia mediterranea and A. major, has been analyzed in an electron microscope study. The pattern of transcriptional units in individual strands of nucleolar chromatin was investigated using spread and positively stained preparations. The rDNA pattern is not uniform but differs in different strands. The predominant type of nucleolar chromatin exhibits a high degree of homogeneity in the sequence of matrix units (intercepts covered with fibrilst hat contain the pre-rRNA) and fibril-free spacer intercepts. Substantial differences, however, are observed between the patterns in different strands. In addition, there is evidence in some strands for intraaxial heterogeneity of both spacer and matrix units. The following major types can be distinguished: type la, ca. 2 micrometer long matrix units, extremely short spacer intercepts in A. mediterranea (ca. 1 micrometer long ones in A. major), completely homogeneous distribution; type Ib, as type la but with intercalated, isolated, significantly shorter and/or longer matrix units; type lIa, matrix unit sizes as in type la, but much longer spacer intercepts, high degree of homogeneity; type Ill, largely heterogeneous arrangements of matrix and spacer units of varying sizes. The matrix unit data are compared with the sizes of pre-rRNA as determined by polyacrylamide gelelectrophoresis under denaturing and non-denaturing conditions. The findings are discussed in relation to recent observations in amphibia and insects and with respect to current concepts of the species-specificity of rDNA arrangements.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Herbert Spring, Georg Krohne, Werner W. Franke, Ulrich Scheer, Michael F. Trendelenburg
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-41398
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Fakultät für Biologie / Theodor-Boveri-Institut für Biowissenschaften
Language:English
Year of Completion:1976
Source:In: Journal de microscopie et de biologie cellulaire (1976) 25, 107 - 118.
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Release Date:2010/02/02