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Arterial Stiffness and Pulse Wave Reflection Are Increased in Patients Suffering from Severe Periodontitis

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-119459
  • Aim: This single blind cross-sectional study compared the vascular health of subjects suffering from severe chronic periodontitis, severe aggressive periodontitis and periodontal healthy controls by evaluating pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AIx) and pulse pressure amplification (PPA). Material and Methods: In a total of 158 subjects, 92 suffering from severe periodontitis and 66 matched periodontal healthy controls, PWV, AIx, central and peripheral blood pressure were recorded using an oscillometric deviceAim: This single blind cross-sectional study compared the vascular health of subjects suffering from severe chronic periodontitis, severe aggressive periodontitis and periodontal healthy controls by evaluating pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AIx) and pulse pressure amplification (PPA). Material and Methods: In a total of 158 subjects, 92 suffering from severe periodontitis and 66 matched periodontal healthy controls, PWV, AIx, central and peripheral blood pressure were recorded using an oscillometric device (Arteriograph). Results: Subjects suffering from severe chronic or aggressive periodontitis exhibited significantly higher PWV (p = 0.00004), higher AIx (p = 0.0049) and lower PPA (p = 0.028) than matched periodontal healthy controls. Conclusions: The results of this study confirm the association between periodontal inflammation and increased cardiovascular risk shown by impaired vascular health in case of severe periodontitis. As impaired vascular health is a common finding in patients suffering from severe periodontal disease a concomitant routine cardiovascular evaluation may be advised.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Yvonne Jockel-Schneider, Inga Harks, Imme Haubitz, Stefan Fickl, Martin Eigenthaler, Ulrich Schlagenhauf, Johannes Baulmann
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-119459
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Abteilung für Parodontologie (in der Poliklinik für Zahnerhaltung und Parodontologie)
Language:English
Parent Title (English):PLOS ONE
ISSN:1932-6203
Year of Completion:2014
Volume:9
Issue:8
Pagenumber:e103449
Source:PLoS ONE 9(8): e103449. doi:10.1371/journalone.0103449
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1371/journalone.0103449
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 617 Chirurgie und verwandte medizinische Fachrichtungen
Tag:blood pressure; diagnostic medicine; hypertension; periodontal diseases; periodontitis; reflection; stiffness; teeth
Release Date:2015/11/09
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz: Namensnennung