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Influence of cloned Escherichia coli hemolysin genes, S fimbriae and serum resistance on pathogenicity in different animal models

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-59423
  • The virulence of the uropathogenic E. coli strain 536 (06: K 1 5: H31) which produces the S-fimbrial adhesin (Sfa•), is serum-resistant (Sre+) and hemolytic (Hiy+) and its derivatives were assessed in five different animal models. Cloned hemolysin (h/y) determinants from the Chromosomes of 06,018 and 075 E. colistrains and from the plasmid pHiy152 were introduced into the spontaneaus Sfa-, Sre-, Hly- mutant 536-21 and its Sfa+, Sre+, Hly- variant 536-31. As already demonstrated for the 536-21 strains {lnfect. Immun. 42: 57-63) the 018-hlyThe virulence of the uropathogenic E. coli strain 536 (06: K 1 5: H31) which produces the S-fimbrial adhesin (Sfa•), is serum-resistant (Sre+) and hemolytic (Hiy+) and its derivatives were assessed in five different animal models. Cloned hemolysin (h/y) determinants from the Chromosomes of 06,018 and 075 E. colistrains and from the plasmid pHiy152 were introduced into the spontaneaus Sfa-, Sre-, Hly- mutant 536-21 and its Sfa+, Sre+, Hly- variant 536-31. As already demonstrated for the 536-21 strains {lnfect. Immun. 42: 57-63) the 018-hly determinant but not the plasmid-encoded hly determinant of pHiy 1 52 transformed into 536-31 contribute to lethality in a mouse peritonitis modal. Similar results were obtained with both Hlyhost strains and their Hly+ transformants in a chicken embryo test and in a mouse nephropathogenicity assay in which the renal bacterial counts were measured 1 5 min to 8 hours after i.v. infection. S-fimbriae and serum resistance had only a marginal influence in these three in vivo systems. ln centrast all three factors, S-fimbriae, serum resistance and hemolysin, were necessary for full virulence in a respiratory mouse infection assay. ln a subcutaneously-induced sepsis model in the mouse restoration of S-fimbriae and serum resistance and separately chromosomally-encoded hemolysis increased virulence to a Ievel comparable to that of the parental 536 strain.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Jörg Hacker, H. Hof, L. Emödy, W. Goebel
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-59423
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Institut für Molekulare Infektionsbiologie
Language:English
Year of Completion:1986
Source:In: Microbial pathogenesis (1986) 1, 533-547.
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
GND Keyword:Infektionsbiologie
Tag:E. coli hemolysin; E. coli virulence; S-fimbriae; animal models; gene cloning; serum resistance
Release Date:2011/11/18
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht