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Stepchild or prodigy? Neuroprotection in multiple sclerosis (MS) research

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-148416
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) and characterized by the infiltration of immune cells, demyelination and axonal loss. Loss of axons and nerve fiber pathology are widely accepted as correlates of neurological disability. Hence, it is surprising that the development of neuroprotective therapies has been neglected for a long time. A reason for this could be the diversity of the underlying mechanisms, complex changes in nerve fiber pathology and the absence of biomarkers and tools to quantifyMultiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) and characterized by the infiltration of immune cells, demyelination and axonal loss. Loss of axons and nerve fiber pathology are widely accepted as correlates of neurological disability. Hence, it is surprising that the development of neuroprotective therapies has been neglected for a long time. A reason for this could be the diversity of the underlying mechanisms, complex changes in nerve fiber pathology and the absence of biomarkers and tools to quantify neuroregenerative processes. Present therapeutic strategies are aimed at modulating or suppressing the immune response, but do not primarily attenuate axonal pathology. Yet, target-oriented neuroprotective strategies are essential for the treatment of MS, especially as severe damage of nerve fibers mostly occurs in the course of disease progression and cannot be impeded by immune modulatory drugs. This review shall depict the need for neuroprotective strategies and elucidate difficulties and opportunities.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Andrea Rottlaender, Stefanie Kuerten
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-148416
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Institut für Anatomie und Zellbiologie
Language:English
Parent Title (English):International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Year of Completion:2015
Volume:16
Pagenumber:14850-14865
Source:International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2015, 16, 14850-14865. DOI: 10.3390/ijms160714850
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms160714850
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Tag:axonal damage; axonal injury; central nervous system; degeneration; experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis; lesions; multiple sclerosis; neurodegeneration; neuroprotection; pathology; regeneration; remyelination; sodium channels; white matter
Release Date:2018/11/14
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz: Namensnennung 4.0 International