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Impact of Novel Antidepressants on Cardiac Metaiodobenzylguanidine (mIBG) Uptake: Experimental Studies in SK-N-SH Cells and Healthy Rabbits

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-161280
  • Background: \(^{123}\)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (mIBG) provides independent prognostic value for risk stratification among heart failure patients, but the use of concomitant medication should not impact its quantitative information. We aimed to evaluate the four most-prescribed antidepressants currently used as a first‑line treatment for patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and their potential on altering mIBG imaging results. Methods: The inhibition effect of four different types of antidepressants (desipramine, escitalopram,Background: \(^{123}\)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (mIBG) provides independent prognostic value for risk stratification among heart failure patients, but the use of concomitant medication should not impact its quantitative information. We aimed to evaluate the four most-prescribed antidepressants currently used as a first‑line treatment for patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and their potential on altering mIBG imaging results. Methods: The inhibition effect of four different types of antidepressants (desipramine, escitalopram, venlafaxine and bupropion) for MDD treatment on \(^{131}\)I-mIBG uptake was assessed by in-vitro cell uptake assays using human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of tracer uptake was determined from dose-response curves. To evaluate the effects of IV pretreatment with desipramine (1.5 mg/kg) and escitalopram (2.5, 15 mg/kg) on mIBG cardiac uptake, in-vivo planar 123I-mIBG scans in healthy New Zealand White Rabbits were conducted. Results: The IC50 values of desipramine, escitalopram, venlafaxine and bupropion on \(^{131}\)I-mIBG cellular uptake were 11.9 nM, 7.5 μM, 4.92 μM, and 12.9 μM, respectively. At the maximum serum concentration (Cmax, as derived by previous clinical trials), the inhibition rates of 131I-mIBG uptake were 90.6 % for desipramine, 25.5 % for venlafaxine, 11.7 % for bupropion and 0.72 % for escitalopram. A low inhibition rate for escitalopram in the cell uptake study triggered investigation of an in-vivo rabbit model: with dosage considerably higher than clinical practice, the non-inhibitory effect of escitalopram was confirmed. Furthermore, pretreatment with desipramine led to a marked reduction of cardiac 123I-mIBG uptake. Conclusions: In the present in-vitro binding assay and in-vivo rabbit study, the selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor escitalopram had no major impact on neuronal cardiac mIBG uptake within therapeutic dose ranges, while other types of first-line antidepressants for MDD treatment led to a significant decrease. These preliminary results warrant further confirmatory clinical trials regarding the reliability of cardiac mIBG imaging, in particular, if the patient’s neuropsychiatric status would not tolerate withdrawal of a potentially norepinephrine interfering antidepressant.show moreshow less
Metadaten
Author: Rudolf A. Werner, Ryohei Kobayashi, Mehrbod Som Javadi, Zoe Köck, Hiroshi Wakabayashi, Stefan Unterecker, Kenichi Nakajima, Constantin Lapa, Andreas Menke, Takahiro Higuchi
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-161280
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Klinik und Poliklinik für Nuklearmedizin
Medizinische Fakultät / Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie
Language:English
Parent Title (English):Journal of Nuclear Medicine
ISSN:0161-5505
Year of Completion:2018
Source:Journal of Nuclear Medicine July 1, 2018 vol. 59, no. 7, 1099-1103 © SNMMI
DOI:https://doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.117.206045
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=29496989
Sonstige beteiligte Institutionen:Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Sonstige beteiligte Institutionen:Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kanazawa University
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
GND Keyword:Antidepressants
Tag:123I-mIBG; MDD; antidepressant; cardiac sympathetic nerve system; depression; major depressive disorder; myocardial sympathetic innervation imaging
Release Date:2018/07/03
Note:
This research was originally published in JNM. Rudolf A. Werner, Ryohei Kobayashi, Mehrbod Som Javadi, Zoe Köck, Hiroshi Wakabayashi, Stefan Unterecker, Kenichi Nakajima, Constantin Lapa, Andreas Menke, Takahiro Higuchi. Impact of Novel Antidepressants on Cardiac Metaiodobenzylguanidine (mIBG) Uptake: Experimental Studies in SK-N-SH Cells and Healthy Rabbits. J. Nucl. Med. July 1, 2018, vol. 59, no. 7, 1099-1103. © SNMMI.
Embargo Date:2019/01/01
EU-Project number / Contract (GA) number:701983
OpenAIRE:OpenAIRE
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht