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Mapping of transcription units on Xenopus laevis lampbrush chromosomes by in situ hybridization with biotin-labeled cDNA probes

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-40763
  • A non-radioactive in situ hybridization method is described for the localization of transcription units of defined genes to lateral loops of Xenopus laevis lampbrush chromosomes. Two Xenopus cONA probes were used encoding the nucleolar protein N038/ B23 and cytokeratin 1(8). Both proteins are known to be synthesized in Xenopus oocytes, and Northern blot analysis revealed the presence of the corresponding mRNAs in different oogenic stages. The probes were enzymatically labeled with biotin-dCTP and hybridized to lampbrush chromosomes. The sitesA non-radioactive in situ hybridization method is described for the localization of transcription units of defined genes to lateral loops of Xenopus laevis lampbrush chromosomes. Two Xenopus cONA probes were used encoding the nucleolar protein N038/ B23 and cytokeratin 1(8). Both proteins are known to be synthesized in Xenopus oocytes, and Northern blot analysis revealed the presence of the corresponding mRNAs in different oogenic stages. The probes were enzymatically labeled with biotin-dCTP and hybridized to lampbrush chromosomes. The sites of hybridization were detected either by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy using rabbit antibodies against biotin and fluorescein-conjugated antirabbit IgG or enzymatically using peroxidase-conjugated streptavi din. The probe encoding the nucleolar protein hybridized to two sets of lateral loops on different bivalents, the cytokeratin probe to at least four. Our finding that each probe hybridized to more than one chromosomal locus may reflect the tetraploid nature of the Xenopus laevis genome or results from cross-hybridization to other transcriptionally active members of the N038/ B23-nucleoplasmin or the cytokeratin-Iamin gene families. The method described should facilitate further in situ hybridization studies with appropriate genomic clones in order to map specific DNA sequences to defined loop regions and to come to a better understanding of the relationship between loop organization and gene transcription unit.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Thomas Weber, Erwin Schmidt, Ulrich Scheer
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-40763
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Fakultät für Biologie / Theodor-Boveri-Institut für Biowissenschaften
Language:English
Year of Completion:1989
Source:In: European Journal of Cell Biology (1989) 50, 144 - 153.
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
GND Keyword:Cytologie
Tag:Lampbrush chromosomes; Xenopus oocytes; in situ hybridization; transcription units
Release Date:2010/01/25