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The effect of morphine on the hemodynamic and neuroendocrine responses to hemorrhagic shock in conscious rats

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-49033
  • We have previously reported that analgesic doses of morphine accelerate mortality of rats exposed to hemorrhage (Feuerstein and Siren: Circ Shock 19:293-300, 1986). To study the potential mechanisms involved in this phenomenon, rats were chronically implanted with catheters in the femoral vessels and morphine (1.5 or 5 mg/kg) was administered 30 min or 24 hr after bleeding (8.5 mll300 g over 5 min) while arterial blood pressure and heart rate were continuously monitored. Furthermore, the effect of morphine (5 mg/kg) on cardiac output (CO)We have previously reported that analgesic doses of morphine accelerate mortality of rats exposed to hemorrhage (Feuerstein and Siren: Circ Shock 19:293-300, 1986). To study the potential mechanisms involved in this phenomenon, rats were chronically implanted with catheters in the femoral vessels and morphine (1.5 or 5 mg/kg) was administered 30 min or 24 hr after bleeding (8.5 mll300 g over 5 min) while arterial blood pressure and heart rate were continuously monitored. Furthermore, the effect of morphine (5 mg/kg) on cardiac output (CO) response to hemorrhage was studied in rats chronically equipped with a mini thermistor for CO monitoring by a thermodilution technique. In addition, plasma catecholamines (HPLC), plasma renin activity (PRA, RIA), vasopressin (RIA), pH, and blood gases were also determined. Morphine administration 30 min after hemorrhage produced a pressor response and tachycardia which were in marked contrast to its depressor effect in intact rats. Morphine elevated PRA and epinephrine but not vasopressin, while blood pH and gases showed no consistent change as compared to salinetreated hemorrhaged rats. Morphine given after the bleeding resulted in enhanced cardiac depression in response to a second bleed of 2 m1l300 g. Our data suggest that activation of pressor mechanisms by morphine during hypovolemic hypotension might enhance vasoconstriction in essential organs, depress cardiac function, and further reduce effective tissue perfusion.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: G. Feuerstein, Anna-Leena Sirén, DS Goldstein, AK Johnson, RL Zerbe
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-49033
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Neurochirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik
Language:English
Year of Completion:1989
Source:In: Circulatory Shock (1989) 27, 219-235.
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
GND Keyword:Medizin
Tag:catecholamlnes; hemorrhagic shock; opiates; renin; vasopressin
Release Date:2011/01/13
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht