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Release of proinflammatory and prothrombbtic mediators in the brain and peripheral circulation in spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-47469
  • Background and Purpose: We reported previously that stroke risk factors prepared the brain stem for the development of ischemia and hemorrhage and induced the production of tumor necrosis factor following an intrathecal injection of Iipopolysaccharide, a prototypic monocyte-activating stimulus. This study evaluates whether blood or brain cells of hypertensive rats produce more proinflammatory and prothrombotic mediators than do blood or brain cells of normotensive rats. MethotJs: Levels of tumor necrosis factor, platelet-activating factor,Background and Purpose: We reported previously that stroke risk factors prepared the brain stem for the development of ischemia and hemorrhage and induced the production of tumor necrosis factor following an intrathecal injection of Iipopolysaccharide, a prototypic monocyte-activating stimulus. This study evaluates whether blood or brain cells of hypertensive rats produce more proinflammatory and prothrombotic mediators than do blood or brain cells of normotensive rats. MethotJs: Levels of tumor necrosis factor, platelet-activating factor, 6-ketoprostaglandin F1a, and thromboxane B2 in the cerebrospinal fluid and blood of spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats were monitored before and after achallenge with Iipopolysaccharide. Results: Little or no activity from these media tors was found in the cerebrospinal fluid or blood of saline-injected control animals. Intravenous administration of Iipopolysaccharide (0.001, 0.1, and 1.8 mg/kg) produced dose-dependent increases in blood levels of all mediators in hypertensive rats. In normotensive rats the levels were less than in hypertensive rats and were not c1early dose-related. When Iipopolysaccharide was injected intracerebroventricularly, more tumor necrosis factor was measured in the cerebrospinal fluid than in the blood, suggesting local synthesis of this cytokine. Levels of tumor necrosis factor and platelet-activating factor in the cerebrospinal fluid were higher in hypertensive than in normotensive rats. The thromboxane A2/prostacyclin ratio was not aItered significantly between the two rat strains. Conclusions: It is suggested that the higher incidence of brain stem ischemia and hemorrhage after the intrathecal injection oflipopolysaccharide in hypertensive rats than in normotensive rats might be related to the higher levels of the two cytotoxic factors tumor necrosis factor and platelet-activating factor produced in response to such challenge.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Anna-Leena Sirén, Eliahu Heldman, David Doron, Tian-Li Yue, Yong Liu, G. Feuerstein, JM Hallenbeck
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-47469
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Neurochirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik
Language:English
Year of Completion:1992
Source:In: Stroke (1992) 23, 1643-1651.
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
GND Keyword:Gehirn; Durchblutung
Tag:platelet-activating factor; prostacyclins; rats; tumor necrosis factor
Release Date:2011/01/10
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht