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Quantitation of perivascular monocyte / macrophages around cerebral blood vessels of hypertensive and aged rats

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-86800
  • The numbers of monocytes and macrophages in the walls of cerebral blood vessels were counted on perfusion-fixed frozen brain sections (16 JLffi) of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), stroke-prone SHR (SHR-SP), normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats, and young (16-week-old) and old (2-year-old) normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats (SD-l6w and SD-2y, respectively) using monoclonal antiborlies against rat macrophages (ED2). The staining was visualized with fluoresceinlabeled second antiborlies. The ED2-specific staining in brain sections wasThe numbers of monocytes and macrophages in the walls of cerebral blood vessels were counted on perfusion-fixed frozen brain sections (16 JLffi) of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), stroke-prone SHR (SHR-SP), normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats, and young (16-week-old) and old (2-year-old) normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats (SD-l6w and SD-2y, respectively) using monoclonal antiborlies against rat macrophages (ED2). The staining was visualized with fluoresceinlabeled second antiborlies. The ED2-specific staining in brain sections was restricted to macrophages in a perivascular location. The number of perivascular cells per square millimeter of high-power field was significantly greater in SHR-SP (8.6 ± 2.1; n = 4) and SHR (6. 7 ± 0.9; n = 6) than in normotensive WKY (4.0 ± 0.5; n = 6; p <0.01). The number of perivascular macrophages was also greater in SD-2y (7.5 ± 2.7; n = 9) than in SD-l6w (2.9 ± 1.8; n = 8; p < 0.01). No ED2 staining was found in the resident microglia or in the endothelial cells, which were identified by double staining with rhodamine-labeled anti-factor VIII-related antigen antiborlies. The results suggest that the stroke risk factors hypertension and advanced age are associated with increased subendothelial accumulation of monocytes and macrophages. This accumulation could increase the tendency for the endothelium to convert from an anticoagulant to a procoagulant surface in response to mediators released from these subendothelial cells.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Liu Yong, David M. Jacobowitz, Frank Barone, Richard McCarron, Maria Spatz, Giora Feuerstein, John M. Hallenbeck, Anna-Leena Sirén
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-86800
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Neurochirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik
Language:English
Year of Completion:1994
Source:In: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 1994, 14, 2, S.348-352
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
GND Keyword:Willebrand-Faktor
Tag:ED2; Von Willebrand factor; brain; immunofluorescence; rats
Release Date:2014/07/15
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht