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Ciliary neurotrophic factor induces cholinergic differentiation of rat sympathetic neurons in culture

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-32677
  • Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) influences the levels of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in cultures of dissociated sYmpathetic neurons from newborn rats. In the presence of CNTF both the total and specific activity of ChAT was increased 7 d after culture by 15- and 18-fold, respectively, as compared to cultures kept in the absence of CNTF. Between 3 and 21 d in culture in the presence of CNTF . the total ChAT activity increased by a factor of >100. Immunotitration demonstrated that the elevated ChAT levelsCiliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) influences the levels of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in cultures of dissociated sYmpathetic neurons from newborn rats. In the presence of CNTF both the total and specific activity of ChAT was increased 7 d after culture by 15- and 18-fold, respectively, as compared to cultures kept in the absence of CNTF. Between 3 and 21 d in culture in the presence of CNTF . the total ChAT activity increased by a factor of >100. Immunotitration demonstrated that the elevated ChAT levels were due to an increased number of enzyme molecules. In contrast to the increase in ChAT levels, the total and specific activity levels' of TH were decreased by 42 and 36 %, respectively, after 7 d in culture. Half-maximal effects for both ChAT increase and TH decrease were obtained at CNTF concentrations of rvO.6 ng and maximal levels were reached at I ng of CNTF per milliliter of medium. The effect of CNTF on TH and ChAT levels were seen in serum-containing medium as well as in serum-free medium. CNTF was shown to have only a small effect on the long-term s.urviVal of rat sympathetic neurons. We therefore concluded that the effects of CNTF on ChAT and TH are not due to selective survival of cells that acquire cholinergic traits in vitro, but are rather due to the induction of cholinergic differentiation of noradrenergic sympathetic neurons.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: S. Saadat, Michael Sendtner, H. Rohrer
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-32677
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Institut für Klinische Neurobiologie
Language:English
Year of Completion:1989
Source:In: The Journal of Cell Biology (1989) 108, 1807-1816.
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Release Date:2010/01/12