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Follow-Up of Lesions with Equivocal Radiotracer Uptake on PSMA-Targeted PET in Patients with Prostate Cancer: Predictive Values of the PSMA-RADS-3A and PSMARADS- 3B Categories

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-167594
  • Purpose: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-targeted positron emission tomography (PET) imaging has become commonly utilized in patients with prostate cancer (PCa). The PSMA reporting and data system version 1.0 (PSMA-RADS version 1.0) categorizes lesions on the basis of the likelihood of PCa involvement, with PSMA-RADS-3A (soft tissue) and PSMA-RADS-3B (bone) lesions being indeterminate for the presence of disease. We retrospectively reviewed the imaging follow-up of such lesions to determine the rate at which they underwent changesPurpose: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-targeted positron emission tomography (PET) imaging has become commonly utilized in patients with prostate cancer (PCa). The PSMA reporting and data system version 1.0 (PSMA-RADS version 1.0) categorizes lesions on the basis of the likelihood of PCa involvement, with PSMA-RADS-3A (soft tissue) and PSMA-RADS-3B (bone) lesions being indeterminate for the presence of disease. We retrospectively reviewed the imaging follow-up of such lesions to determine the rate at which they underwent changes suggestive of underlying PCa. Methods: PET/CT imaging with \(^{18}\)F-DCFPyL was carried out in 110 patients with PCa and lesions were categorized according to PSMA-RADS Version 1.0. 56/110 (50.9%) patients were determined to have indeterminate PSMA-RADS-3A or PSMA-RADS-3B lesions and 22/56 (39.3%) patients had adequate follow-up to be included in the analysis. The maximum standardized uptake values (SUV\(_{max}\)) of the lesions were obtained and the ratios of SUV\(_{max}\) of the lesions to SUV\(_{mean}\) of blood pool (SUV\(_{max}\)-lesion/SUV\(_{mean}\)-bloodpool) were calculated. Pre-determined criteria were used to evaluate the PSMA-RADS-3A and PSMA-RADS-3B lesions on follow-up imaging to determine if they demonstrated evidence of underlying malignancy. Results: A total of 46 lesions in 22 patients were considered indeterminate for PCa (i.e. PSMA-RADS-3A (32 lesions) or PSMA-RADS-3B (14 lesions)) and were evaluable on follow-up imaging. 27/46 (58.7%) lesions demonstrated changes on follow-up imaging consistent with the presence of underlying PCa at baseline. These lesions included 24/32 (75.0%) PSMA-RADS-3A lesions and 3/14 (21.4%) lesions categorized as PSMA-RADS-3B. The ranges of SUVmax and SUVmax-lesion/SUVmean-bloodpool overlapped between those lesions demonstrating changes consistent with malignancy on follow-up imaging and those lesions that remained unchanged on follow-up. Conclusion: PSMA-RADS-3A and PSMA-RADS-3B lesions are truly indeterminate in that proportions of findings in both categories demonstrate evidence of malignancy on follow-up imaging. Overall, PSMA-RADS-3A lesions are more likely than PSMA-RADS-3B lesions to represent sites of PCa and this information should be taken into when guiding patient therapy.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author: Yafu Yin, Rudolf A. Werner, Takahiro Higuchi, Constantin Lapa, Kenneth J. Pienta, Martin G. Pomper, Michael A. Gorin, Steven P. Rowe
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-167594
Document Type:Preprint
Faculties:Medizinische Fakultät / Klinik und Poliklinik für Nuklearmedizin
Language:English
Parent Title (English):Journal of Nuclear Medicine
ISSN:0161-5505
Year of Completion:2018
Source:Journal of Nuclear Medicine 2019;60:511-516 © SNMMI. doi:10.2967/jnumed.118.217653
DOI:https://doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.118.217653
Sonstige beteiligte Institutionen:Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
GND Keyword:Positronen-Emissions-Tomografie
Tag:PSMA-RADS-3A; PSMA-RADS-3B; PSMA-targeted PET; prostate cancer; prostate-specific membrane antigen
Release Date:2019/06/04
Note:
This research was originally published in JNM. Yafu Yin, Rudolf A. Werner, Takahiro Higuchi, Constantin Lapa, Kenneth J. Pienta, Martin G. Pomper, Michael A. Gorin, Steven P. Rowe.
Follow-Up of Lesions with Equivocal Radiotracer Uptake on PSMA-Targeted PET in Patients with Prostate Cancer: Predictive Values of the PSMA-RADS-3A and PSMA-RADS-3B Categories. J Nucl Med. 2019;60:511-516 © SNMMI.
Embargo Date:2019/10/01
EU-Project number / Contract (GA) number:701983
OpenAIRE:OpenAIRE
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht