## Value-distribution of the Riemann zeta-function and related functions near the critical line

### Werteverteilung der Riemannschen Zetafunktion und verwandter Funktionen nahe der kritischen Geraden

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-97763
• The Riemann zeta-function forms a central object in multiplicative number theory; its value-distribution encodes deep arithmetic properties of the prime numbers. Here, a crucial role is assigned to the analytic behavior of the zeta-function on the so called critical line. In this thesis we study the value-distribution of the Riemann zeta-function near and on the critical line. Amongst others we focus on the following. PART I: A modified concept of universality, a-points near the critical line and a denseness conjecture attributed toThe Riemann zeta-function forms a central object in multiplicative number theory; its value-distribution encodes deep arithmetic properties of the prime numbers. Here, a crucial role is assigned to the analytic behavior of the zeta-function on the so called critical line. In this thesis we study the value-distribution of the Riemann zeta-function near and on the critical line. Amongst others we focus on the following. PART I: A modified concept of universality, a-points near the critical line and a denseness conjecture attributed to Ramachandra. The critical line is a natural boundary of the Voronin-type universality property of the Riemann zeta-function. We modify Voronin's concept by adding a scaling factor to the vertical shifts that appear in Voronin's universality theorem and investigate whether this modified concept is appropriate to keep up a certain universality property of the Riemann zeta-function near and on the critical line. It turns out that it is mainly the functional equation of the Riemann zeta-function that restricts the set of functions which can be approximated by this modified concept around the critical line. Levinson showed that almost all a-points of the Riemann zeta-function lie in a certain funnel-shaped region around the critical line. We complement Levinson's result: Relying on arguments of the theory of normal families and the notion of filling discs, we detect a-points in this region which are very close to the critical line. According to a folklore conjecture (often attributed to Ramachandra) one expects that the values of the Riemann zeta-function on the critical line lie dense in the complex numbers. We show that there are certain curves which approach the critical line asymptotically and have the property that the values of the zeta-function on these curves are dense in the complex numbers. Many of our results in part I are independent of the Euler product representation of the Riemann zeta-function and apply for meromorphic functions that satisfy a Riemann-type functional equation in general. PART II: Discrete and continuous moments. The Lindelöf hypothesis deals with the growth behavior of the Riemann zeta-function on the critical line. Due to classical works by Hardy and Littlewood, the Lindelöf hypothesis can be reformulated in terms of power moments to the right of the critical line. Tanaka showed recently that the expected asymptotic formulas for these power moments are true in a certain measure-theoretical sense; roughly speaking he omits a set of Banach density zero from the path of integration of these moments. We provide a discrete and integrated version of Tanaka's result and extend it to a large class of Dirichlet series connected to the Riemann zeta-function.