## Adenosine receptor ligands: coumarin−chalcone hybrids as modulating agents on the activity of hARs

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-213165
• Adenosine receptors (ARs) play an important role in neurological and psychiatric disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy and schizophrenia. The different subtypes of ARs and the knowledge on their densities and status are important for understanding the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of diseases and for developing new therapeutics. Looking for new scaffolds for selective AR ligands, coumarin–chalcone hybrids were synthesized (compounds 1–8) and screened in radioligand binding (hA$$_1$$, hA$$_{2A}$$ andAdenosine receptors (ARs) play an important role in neurological and psychiatric disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy and schizophrenia. The different subtypes of ARs and the knowledge on their densities and status are important for understanding the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of diseases and for developing new therapeutics. Looking for new scaffolds for selective AR ligands, coumarin–chalcone hybrids were synthesized (compounds 1–8) and screened in radioligand binding (hA$$_1$$, hA$$_{2A}$$ and hA$$_3$$) and adenylyl cyclase (hA$$_{2B}$$) assays in order to evaluate their affinity for the four human AR subtypes (hARs). Coumarin–chalcone hybrid has been established as a new scaffold suitable for the development of potent and selective ligands for hA$$_1$$ or hA$$_3$$ subtypes. In general, hydroxy-substituted hybrids showed some affinity for the hA$$_1$$, while the methoxy counterparts were selective for the hA$$_3$$. The most potent hA$$_1$$ ligand was compound 7 (K$$_i$$ = 17.7 µM), whereas compound 4 was the most potent ligand for hA$$_3$$ (K$$_i$$ = 2.49 µM). In addition, docking studies with hA$$_1$$ and hA$$_3$$ homology models were established to analyze the structure–function relationships. Results showed that the different residues located on the protein binding pocket could play an important role in ligand selectivity.