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The next-to-leading-order electroweak corrections to pp→l\(^{+}\)l\(^{-}\)/ν¯¯¯ν+γ+X production, including all off-shell effects of intermediate Z bosons in the complex-mass scheme, are calculated for LHC energies, revealing the typically expected large corrections of tens of percent in the TeV range. Contributions from quark-photon and photon-photon initial states are taken into account as well, but their impact is found to be moderate or small. Moreover, the known next-to-leading-order QCD corrections are reproduced. In order to separate hard photons from jets, both a quark-to-photon fragmentation function á la Glover/Morgan and Frixione’s cone isolation are employed. The calculation is available in the form of Monte Carlo programs allowing for the evaluation of arbitrary differential cross sections. Predictions for integrated cross sections are presented for the LHC at 7 TeV, 8 TeV, and 14 TeV, and differential distributions are discussed at 14 TeV for bare muons and dressed leptons. Finally, we consider the impact of anomalous ZZγ and Zγγ couplings.

Next-to-leading-order electroweak corrections to the production of four charged leptons at the LHC
(2017)

We present a state-of-the-art calculation of the next-to leading-order electroweak corrections to ZZ production, including the leptonic decays of the Z bosons into μ\(^+\)μ\(^ −\)e\(^+\)e\(^−\) or μ\(^+\)μ\(^−\)μ\(^+\)μ\(^−\) final states. We use complete leading-order and next-to-leading-order matrix elements for four-lepton production, including contributions of virtual photons and all off-shell effects of Z bosons, where the finite Z-boson width is taken into account using the complex-mass scheme. The matrix elements are implemented into Monte Carlo programs allowing for the evaluation of arbitrary differential distributions. We present integrated and differential cross sections for the LHC at 13 TeV both for an inclusive setup where only lepton identification cuts are applied, and for a setup motivated by Higgs-boson analyses in the four-lepton decay channel. The electroweak corrections are divided into photonic and purely weak contributions. The former show the well-known pronounced tails near kinematical thresholds and resonances; the latter are generically at the level of ∼ −5% and reach several −10% in the high-energy tails of distributions. Comparing the results for μ\(^+\)μ\(^−\)e\(^+\)e\(^−\) and μ\(^+\)μ\(^−\)μ\(^+\)μ\(^−\) final states, we find significant differences mainly in distributions that are sensitive to the μ\(^+\)μ\(^−\) pairing in the μ\(^+\)μ\(^−\)μ\(^+\)μ\(^−\) final state. Differences between μ\(^+\)μ\(^−\)e\(^+\)e\(^−\) and μ\(^+\)μ\(^−\)μ\(^+\)μ\(^−\) channels due to interferences of equal-flavour leptons in the final state can reach up to 10% in off-shell-sensitive regions. Contributions induced by incoming photons, i.e. photon-photon and quark-photon channels, are included, but turn out to be phenomenologically unimportant.