## Nutrition-derived bioactive metabolites produced by gut microbiota and their potential impact on human health

• The functional role of human gut microbiota has attracted substantial interest and recent research has uncovered various aspects of the interplay between the complex communities of microorganisms colonizing the intestine and their hosts’ health. The present review focuses on nutrition-derived bioactive metabolites produced by gut microbiota with potential beneficial effects upon human health. Thereby, the emphasis is on newly generated bacterial metabolites that are not concomitantly present at higher amounts in dietary sources and that have beThe functional role of human gut microbiota has attracted substantial interest and recent research has uncovered various aspects of the interplay between the complex communities of microorganisms colonizing the intestine and their hosts’ health. The present review focuses on nutrition-derived bioactive metabolites produced by gut microbiota with potential beneficial effects upon human health. Thereby, the emphasis is on newly generated bacterial metabolites that are not concomitantly present at higher amounts in dietary sources and that have been previously detected in human blood samples. Since a multitude of different substances is generated by gut microbes primarily those metabolites which exert a more pronounced activity than their immediate precursor compound are discussed here. Specifically, the in vitro and in vivo nutridynamics as well as the nutrikinetics of equol, enterolactone / enterodiol, urolithins, 8-prenylnaringenin, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and 5-(3’,4’-dihydroxyphenyl)-g-valerolactone, the short-chain fatty acids butyrate, propionate and acetate, and indole-3-propionic acid are reviewed. Though the metabolites’ mechanism of action and the influence of health conditions on metabolite production are not always fully understood yet, there are many reasons to direct the attention to “gut health”. It could offer new options for preventing or treating a variety of disease states and nutrition-derived microbial products might inspire future drug development.

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