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This thesis deals with value sets, i.e. the question of what the set of values that a set of functions can take in a prescribed point looks like.
Interest in such problems has been around for a long time; a first answer was given by the Schwarz lemma in the 19th century, and soon various refinements were proven.
Since the 1930s, a powerful method for solving such problems has been developed, namely Loewner theory. We make extensive use of this tool, as well as variation methods which go back to Schiffer to examine the following questions:
We describe the set of values a schlicht normalised function on the unit disc with prescribed derivative at the origin can take by applying Pontryagin's maximum principle to the radial Loewner equation.
We then determine the value ranges for the set of holomorphic, normalised, and bounded functions that have only real coefficients in their power series expansion around 0, and for the smaller set of functions which are additionally typically real.
Furthermore, we describe the values a univalent self-mapping of the upper half-plane with hydrodynamical normalization which is symmetric with respect to the imaginary axis can take.
Lastly, we give a necessary condition for a schlicht bounded function f on the unit disc to have extremal derivative in a point z where its value f(z) is fixed by using variation methods.

The first goal of this thesis is to generalize Loewner's famous differential equation to multiply connected domains. The resulting differential equations are known as Komatu--Loewner differential equations. We discuss Komatu--Loewner equations for canonical domains (circular slit disks, circular slit annuli and parallel slit half-planes). Additionally, we give a generalisation to several slits and discuss parametrisations that lead to constant coefficients. Moreover, we compare Komatu--Loewner equations with several slits to single slit Loewner equations.
Finally we generalise Komatu--Loewner equations to hulls satisfying a local growth property.

The work at hand studies problems from Loewner theory and is divided into two parts:
In part 1 (chapter 2) we present the basic notions of Loewner theory. Here we use a modern form which was developed by F. Bracci, M. Contreras, S. Díaz-Madrigal et al. and which can be applied to certain higher dimensional complex manifolds.
We look at two domains in more detail: the Euclidean unit ball and the polydisc. Here we consider two classes of biholomorphic mappings which were introduced by T. Poreda and G. Kohr as generalizations of the class S.
We prove a conjecture of G. Kohr about support points of these classes. The proof relies on the observation that the classes describe so called Runge domains, which follows from a result by L. Arosio, F. Bracci and E. F. Wold.
Furthermore, we prove a conjecture of G. Kohr about support points of a class of biholomorphic mappings that comes from applying the Roper-Suffridge extension operator to the class S.
In part 2 (chapter 3) we consider one special Loewner equation: the chordal multiple-slit equation in the upper half-plane.
After describing basic properties of this equation we look at the problem, whether one can choose the coefficient functions in this equation to be constant. D. Prokhorov proved this statement under the assumption that the slits are piecewise analytic. We use a completely different idea to solve the problem in its general form.
As the Loewner equation with constant coefficients holds everywhere (and not just almost everywhere), this result generalizes Loewner’s original idea to the multiple-slit case.
Moreover, we consider the following problems:
• The “simple-curve problem” asks which driving functions describe the growth of simple curves (in contrast to curves that touch itself). We discuss necessary and sufficient conditions, generalize a theorem of J. Lind, D. Marshall and S. Rohde to the multiple-slit equation and we give an example of a set of driving functions which generate simple curves because of a certain self-similarity property.
• We discuss properties of driving functions that generate slits which enclose a given angle with the real axis.
• A theorem by O. Roth gives an explicit description of the reachable set of one point in the radial Loewner equation. We prove the analog for the chordal equation.

The work at hand discusses various universality results for locally univalent and conformal metrics.
In Chapter 2 several interesting approximation results are discussed. Runge-type Theorems for holomorphic and meromorphic locally univalent functions are shown. A well-known local approximation theorem for harmonic functions due to Keldysh is generalized to solutions of the curvature equation.
In Chapter 3 and 4 these approximation theorems are used to establish universality results for locally univalent functions and conformal metrics. In particular locally univalent analogues for well-known universality results due Birkhoff, Seidel & Walsh and Heins are shown.

The goal of this thesis is to study the topological and algebraic properties of the quasiconformal automorphism groups of simply and multiply connected domains in the complex plain, in which the quasiconformal automorphism groups are endowed with the supremum metric on the underlying domain. More precisely, questions concerning central topological properties such as (local) compactness, (path)-connectedness and separability and their dependence on the boundary of the corresponding domains are studied, as well as completeness with respect to the supremum metric. Moreover, special subsets of the quasiconformal automorphism group of the unit disk are investigated, and concrete quasiconformal automorphisms are constructed. Finally, a possible application of quasiconformal unit disk automorphisms to symmetric cryptography is presented, in which a quasiconformal cryptosystem is defined and studied.