• search hit 6 of 31
Back to Result List

Emotion regulation in heavy smokers: experiential, expressive and physiological consequences of cognitive reappraisal

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-145225
  • Emotion regulation dysfunctions are assumed to contribute to the development of tobacco addiction and relapses among smokers attempting to quit. To further examine this hypothesis, the present study compared heavy smokers with non-smokers (NS) in a reappraisal task. Specifically, we investigated whether non-deprived smokers (NDS) and deprived smokers (DS) differ from non-smokers in cognitive emotion regulation and whether there is an association between the outcome of emotion regulation and the cigarette craving. Sixty-five participants (23Emotion regulation dysfunctions are assumed to contribute to the development of tobacco addiction and relapses among smokers attempting to quit. To further examine this hypothesis, the present study compared heavy smokers with non-smokers (NS) in a reappraisal task. Specifically, we investigated whether non-deprived smokers (NDS) and deprived smokers (DS) differ from non-smokers in cognitive emotion regulation and whether there is an association between the outcome of emotion regulation and the cigarette craving. Sixty-five participants (23 non-smokers, 22 NDS, and 20 DS) were instructed to down-regulate emotions by reappraising negative or positive pictorial scenarios. Self-ratings of valence, arousal, and cigarette craving as well as facial electromyography and electroencephalograph activities were measured. Ratings, facial electromyography, and electroencephalograph data indicated that both NDS and DS performed comparably to nonsmokers in regulating emotional responses via reappraisal, irrespective of the valence of pictorial stimuli. Interestingly, changes in cigarette craving were positively associated with regulation of emotional arousal irrespective of emotional valence. These results suggest that heavy smokers are capable to regulate emotion via deliberate reappraisal and smokers' cigarette craving is associated with emotional arousal rather than emotional valence. This study provides preliminary support for the therapeutic use of reappraisal to replace maladaptive emotion-regulation strategies in nicotine addicts.show moreshow less

Download full text files

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar Statistics
Metadaten
Author: Lingdan Wu, Markus H. Winkler, Matthias J. Wieser, Marta Andreatta, Yonghui Li, Paul Pauli
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-145225
Document Type:Journal article
Faculties:Fakultät für Humanwissenschaften (Philos., Psycho., Erziehungs- u. Gesell.-Wissensch.) / Institut für Psychologie
Language:English
Parent Title (English):Frontiers in Psychology
Year of Completion:2015
Volume:6
Issue:1555
Source:Frontiers in Psychology 6:1555 (2015). DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01555
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01555
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Tag:anxiety sensitivity; brain reactivity; cigarette smokers; craving; down regulation; emotion regulation; facial electromyography; facial expressions; late positive potential; negative affect; nicotine addiction; positive emotions; reappraisal; regulation strategies; smoking; smoking motives; unpleasant pictures
Release Date:2018/11/06
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz: Namensnennung 4.0 International